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Altai, Center of nomad culture in Russia

Altai rises gradually from north to south – plowed from the steppes near Barnaul and Byisk to Beluga whales at the Mongolian border. This is the second highest mountain in the territory of Russia. The beauty of the local nature defies description – taiga in the river valleys and on the slopes of the mountains, snowy peaks and loaches, pristine lakes, springs and waterfalls.

Altai is often compared to Switzerland, is called the pearl of Russian nature, but all comparisons, epithets and metaphors only demonstrate the impotence of language in comparison with reality.



In the Altai Mountains is Lake Teletsky – “Altai Baikal”, which in fact may even cleaner Baikal, because in the surrounding area there is no industry. The water you can drink from it, as, indeed, of every other Altai lakes and rivers. In this lake originates river Biya, which then merges with the Katun Byisk the city, forms the Ob River. On Altai was born and raised Basil SHukshin, Altai – its people, nature, place names goes through all his work. Not surprisingly, that live in these places wonderful, hospitable people.

Lake Teletsky

At Lake Teletsk tourists ride on horseback, and it is charged with the local children 13-14 years old. A grandmother Altai know the recipe is amazingly delicious jam cedar, which is not in the stores, and not even all of the local know how to cook it.


Teletsky Lake – the largest lake in the Altai and one of the largest lakes in Russia. The maximum depth of the lake is about 330 meters. This allowed the lake take pride of place among the 25 deepest lakes in the world! name of the lake comes from the Altai tribe Teleuts. This lake is often called the younger brother of Baikal. As well as the Baikal lake is very deep, stretched between the mountains and has a much greater length than width, it falls into many rivers and streams (80), and follows only one river – Biya. According to the Altai Teletsky lake called Altyn Kol , which means “golden lake.” According to an old legend, in ancient times there was a famine in the Altai. One Altaian had a large gold ingot, but beating all the Altai, and could not buy anything on it. Frustrated and hungry, “rich” poor man threw his bar in the lake, and he himself died in its waves. Since then, the language of the Altai lake called Altyn Kol – “Golden Lake”. Nowadays, despite its popularity, the lake is still poorly utilized by tourists, as widely accessible only to its northern part, near the village of Artybash, south same can only be reached by boat or ship, or on the four-wheel drive cars through the pass Katu-Yaryk. And this, of course, there are good points – in fact because of its inaccessibility majority the coast and the surrounding area Teles lake unaffected by civilization and has retained its original, unchanged for thousands of years, sort of. Teles eastern part of the lake is in the border of the Altai State Nature Reserve, which is a major research center for the study of nature Teletskoye Lake region. At the northern end of the lake are the tourist complexes of that begin with countless hiking, water, horseback tours of the Altai Mountains. Major attractions that are popular with vacationers in the Teles lake – is Corbu waterfall, waterfall Kishte, Stone Bay, falls on the Third River. Filled with a deep mountain lake water remains cold throughout the year. In the upper zone, even on hot summer days, the water rarely gets warm above 10 ° C, so it is almost impossible to swim. But that’s not the point – Teletsky lake like a magnet attracts thousands of tourists with its unique beauty, mystery and mystique …

Amazing Altai mountain country, located in the heart of Asia - a vivid example of the wealth and bounty of nature
Amazing Altai mountain country, located in the heart of Asia – a vivid example of the wealth and bounty of nature

In the center of the giant continent she created the land of blue lakes and rapid rivers, jagged mountains and arid steppes, impassable taiga and fairy meadows
In the center of the giant continent she created the land of blue lakes and rapid rivers, jagged mountains and arid steppes, impassable taiga and fairy meadows

Located on the border of Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan, the region is so diverse that constantly presents new surprises researchers
Located on the border of Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan, the region is so diverse that constantly presents new surprises researchers

To preserve the unique landscape in its original form, Altai Mountains allows everyone to feel like a pioneer
To preserve the unique landscape in its original form, Altai Mountains allows everyone to feel like a pioneer

Altai Mountains - the edge of severe, even in the most favorable season for travel - from late June to late September - in the mountains of heat of the day could easily be replaced by a night snowfall
Altai Mountains – the edge of severe, even in the most favorable season for travel – from late June to late September – in the mountains of heat of the day could easily be replaced by a night snowfall

Altai - not just mountains, forests, rivers and waterfalls.  Altai - the living spirit, generous, rich giant, giant
Altai – not just mountains, forests, rivers and waterfalls. Altai – the living spirit, generous, rich giant, giant

It is a fabulously beautiful multicolor their clothes forests, flowers, herbs
It is a fabulously beautiful multicolor their clothes forests, flowers, herbs

Alpine lakes - it's his eyes looking at the universe
Alpine lakes – it’s his eyes looking at the universe

Waterfalls and rivers of it - and we are songs about life, the beauty of the land, mountains, forests
Waterfalls and rivers of it – and we are songs about life, the beauty of the land, mountains, forests

People settled in the mountain valleys of the Altai in the Stone age, about 1.5 million years ago.  That is the estimated age of the world-famous Ulalinskoy parking found in the Gorno-Altaisk
People settled in the mountain valleys of the Altai in the Stone age, about 1.5 million years ago. That is the estimated age of the world-famous Ulalinskoy parking found in the Gorno-Altaisk

In the VIII-III centuries BC.  e.  Inhabited the Altai Scythian Pazyryks - the creators of the Altai animal style
In the VIII-III centuries BC. e. Inhabited the Altai Scythian Pazyryks – the creators of the Altai animal style

Hun-Sarmatian period in the history of the region from the end of the III century BC.  e
Hun-Sarmatian period in the history of the region from the end of the III century BC. e

Lords of Central Asia from the VI century BC.  e.  are descendants of the Huns, the ancestors of the Altai - Turks
Lords of Central Asia from the VI century BC. e. are descendants of the Huns, the ancestors of the Altai – Turks

The remaining elements of the Altai animal style in the traditional art of contemporary indigenous tribes of the Altai confirm the relationship with the rest of the ancient peoples of the Eurasian continent
The remaining elements of the Altai animal style in the traditional art of contemporary indigenous tribes of the Altai confirm the relationship with the rest of the ancient peoples of the Eurasian continent

Altai - the ancestral home of the modern Turkic peoples of the world, where in 552 the ancient Turks established their own state - Khanate
Altai – the ancestral home of the modern Turkic peoples of the world, where in 552 the ancient Turks established their own state – Khanate

It formed the primordial language of the Turks, became popular among all peoples Kaganate thanks to the emergence of writing in connection with the state of Turks, known today as "the Orkhon-Yenisei runic writing"
It formed the primordial language of the Turks, became popular among all peoples Kaganate thanks to the emergence of writing in connection with the state of Turks, known today as “the Orkhon-Yenisei runic writing”

All of this was the emergence in the modern world of science terminology "Altai family" of languages ​​(which includes three groups: Japanese, Korean, Manchu-Tungus, Turkic-Mongolian), and provided an opportunity to establish themselves in the world of science to the scientific direction - Altaic
All of this was the emergence in the modern world of science terminology “Altai family” of languages ​​(which includes three groups: Japanese, Korean, Manchu-Tungus, Turkic-Mongolian), and provided an opportunity to establish themselves in the world of science to the scientific direction – Altaic

Altai by geopolitical location - the center of Eurasia - in different historical eras united different ethnic groups and cultures.  For a long time was the center of Altai State Kalmyks - Junggar Khanate
Altai by geopolitical location – the center of Eurasia – in different historical eras united different ethnic groups and cultures. For a long time was the center of Altai State Kalmyks – Junggar Khanate

Russian explorers called the Altai White Kalmyks.  Under the power djungars Southern Altai (Altai-Kizhi, Teleuts and Telengits) were until 1756, and then after the fall of Junggar state voluntarily became subjects of the Russian state
Russian explorers called the Altai White Kalmyks. Under the power djungars Southern Altai (Altai-Kizhi, Teleuts and Telengits) were until 1756, and then after the fall of Junggar state voluntarily became subjects of the Russian state

In contrast, the northern Altai (Kumandins, Tubalars, Tchelkans) much earlier joined the Russian
In contrast, the northern Altai (Kumandins, Tubalars, Tchelkans) much earlier joined the Russian

After becoming the subjects of a powerful state, the population of the Altai protect themselves from attacks of strangers, and most importantly - avoid the physical destruction of the Qing troops
After becoming the subjects of a powerful state, the population of the Altai protect themselves from attacks of strangers, and most importantly – avoid the physical destruction of the Qing troops

Mountain relief arising after the Hercynian orogeny in the Mesozoic been leveling, followed by the formation of the weathering crust.  At the end of the Paleogene resumed weak, gradually increasing arched uplift, which has intensified in the late Neogene - early Quaternary
Mountain relief arising after the Hercynian orogeny in the Mesozoic been leveling, followed by the formation of the weathering crust. At the end of the Paleogene resumed weak, gradually increasing arched uplift, which has intensified in the late Neogene – early Quaternary

According to the old and the new east-west faults and northwest-trending there were large blocky movement and progress, leading to the formation of a complex modern landscape of the Altai
According to the old and the new east-west faults and northwest-trending there were large blocky movement and progress, leading to the formation of a complex modern landscape of the Altai

In the modeling of the terrain played a prominent role Quaternary glaciation and intense fluvial erosion
In the modeling of the terrain played a prominent role Quaternary glaciation and intense fluvial erosion

The highest mountain ranges (above 3200-4000 m) - Katun, the North and the South Chu and others - are in the central and eastern part of the Altai and are close to the latitudinal
The highest mountain ranges (above 3200-4000 m) – Katun, the North and the South Chu and others – are in the central and eastern part of the Altai and are close to the latitudinal

They differ in alpine terrain - large amplitudes of heights, steep slopes, rocky ridges with numerous hard to reach peaks
They differ in alpine terrain – large amplitudes of heights, steep slopes, rocky ridges with numerous hard to reach peaks

To the north and west ridges fall, and the direction of change in the north-west and even meridional
To the north and west ridges fall, and the direction of change in the north-west and even meridional

The north and west are particularly typical of Mid-Altai ranges and massifs in the 1500-2500 m with slaboraschlenennymi ridges are the remains of the ancient surface alignment and steep slopes, dissected young erosional valleys
The north and west are particularly typical of Mid-Altai ranges and massifs in the 1500-2500 m with slaboraschlenennymi ridges are the remains of the ancient surface alignment and steep slopes, dissected young erosional valleys

Many ranges are separated by characteristic Altai large tectonic hollows wearing usually called "steppes" (Chui, Kurai, Uimon, Kan, etc.), the bottom of which is located at an altitude of 500-2000 m and is composed of loose Cenozoic deposits
Many ranges are separated by characteristic Altai large tectonic hollows wearing usually called “steppes” (Chui, Kurai, Uimon, Kan, etc.), the bottom of which is located at an altitude of 500-2000 m and is composed of loose Cenozoic deposits

Altai – the place which is certainly worth a visit

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