Archaeologist Find Axe With Marks of Rurik

Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology have been opened and studied the remains of a medieval burial ground burial mounds near the village of Shekshovo in Suzdal. Burial mound near the village Shekshovo known as one of the largest in the center of Suzdal. Traces of mounds currently have survived, however, knowing the location of settlements, they were able to locate the approximate location and identify the burial in one of the excavation trench surrounding the circular area in terms of the size of 17 x 18 m, which, apparently, was the mound. In the center of the site at the ground surface they have found an battle ax with traces of silver inlay, much corroded, and a silver horseshoe brooch with gold. Obviously, these things were accompanied by a male burial, the fossil remains which have not survived.

The value of the findings for the study of the early history of North-Eastern Russia was able to fully appreciate after the restoration of found axe that is researched in the laboratory of the State Historical Museum, Shirjakovu. Under a layer of corrosion to reveal not only decorative symbols but more importantly princely marks (“Marks of Rurik”), never before encountered on similar subjects meaning who’s ever burial ground this was he belonged to the Rurik family.

Hatchet (weight about 240 grams, blade length 13.5 cm, width – 9.4 cm) belongs to a well-known type of axe cut outs, which entered into use in the X century and became widespread in the XI-XII centuries. From standard hatchets this type is different due to silver decoration covering the cervix and butt, on the face of the butt inlaid silver ornament is made of iron, on the sidewalls – plating (silver overlaid on iron plate, which was cut in advance figure). The image of a trident with a triangle at the bottom – sign acquainted Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich and Yaroslav Vladimirovich.

Hatchets with silver inlay – ceremonial weapons of X-XII centuries, represented by a small group of finds originating in the territory of Northern Russia, Volga Bulgaria, Scandinavia, the Baltic States and Poland. A significant part of puffins – random findings, few come from excavations and only few are properly documented. Among hatchets with silver decor items stand out, forming a standard series with similar ornamentation, and individual samples. There are about two dozen ornamented hatchets, and eight of them come from the territory of Russia, most decorated with the same type of decor. Copies are dated to the second half of XI – the first third of the XII century.

Tridents, which are placed on the coins of Vladimir and Yaroslav and identified as their personal signs. Dvuzubets (trident) regarded as a common generic sign Rurik princes of the house. The use of this mark is limited to X – beginning of XI century. Obviously, triangle on the average tooth trident could belong to someone from the nearest relatives of Vladimir and Yaroslav. Annals kept the news only two Rurik occupied Rostov table at the end of X – beginning of XI century: Yaroslav and his brother Boris, replacing the reign of Yaroslav the Rostov, after the last transition in Novgorod. It is likely that sign with a triangle in the middle tooth belonged to Boris, but this attribution can not be strictly proven. Not having accurate data for personal attribution sign at the end of a hatchet (as well as certain personal accessories many other characters), we, nevertheless, we can safely attribute it to the circle of emblems end X – the beginning of XI century and date ax this time.

This is one of the earliest examples of such ceremonial weapons found on the territory of Russia. Obviously, the axe, with silver buckle, brooch, accompanied by a senior representative of the burial of princely power. Thus, the axe indicates the presence of princely aristocrat administration in the center of the Old Russian settlement in the North-East of Russia, in the territories, as until recently it was thought for a long time been under the control of the local nobility.

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