Today is 100th anniversary of the Russian revolution.
The revolution was on 25th of October in Julian (old) calendar that
was used in imperial Russia. Or on 7th of November in Gregorian (new) calendar.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 involved the collapse of an empire
under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Soviet Russia under Lenin and
his Bolsheviks. It sparked the beginning of a new era in Russia that had
effects on countries around the world. The event also sparked
declarations of independence of several states, civil war in Russia and
wars against some newly created states.
Finland declared independence on December 6th, 1917. Ukrainian's people
republic declared independence on 25th of January of 1918. Lithuania -
on February 16th, 1918. Republic of Estonia - February 23rd, 1918.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed between new Bolshevik government of
Soviet Russia and Central Powers (Germany, Astro-Hungary, Bulgaria,
Ottoman empire) on 3rd of March, 1918 ending Russia's participation in
Belarusian People's republic declared independence on March 25th, 1918.
Democratic Republic of Georgia - on May 26th 1918. Azerbaijan
Democratic Republic - on May 28th , 1918. The First Armenian Republic -
on May 28th , 1918. The Second Polish republic - on November 11th, 1918.
Republic of Latvia - on November 18th, 1918.
Out of these states most successful were Finland having no direct
confrontation with Soviet Russia, while Poland was able to fight Soviet
Russia. Three Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia) also remained
independent till 1939.