Flag of Warszawa:


Emblem of Warszawa:


Motto of Warszawa: Semper invicta  (Latin "Always undefeated")

Hymn of Warszawa: Waszawianka (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warszawianka_(1831))

Population of Warszawa: 2,631,902

Denonym of inhabitant of Warszawa: Varsovian

Date Warszawa became capital of Poland: 1596 (before was Kraków)

Etonym of Warszawa's name: Warsaw's name in the Polish language, Warszawa (also formerly spelled Warszewa and Warszowa), means "belonging to Warsz", Warsz being a shortened form of the Slavic male name Warcisław; see also etymology of Wrocław. Folk etymology attributes the city name to a fisherman Wars and his wife Sawa. According to legend, Sawa was a mermaid living in the Vistula River who Wars fell in love with. Actually, Warsz was a 12th/13th century nobleman who owned a village located at the site of today's Mariensztat neighbourhood.

History of founding of Warszawa: The first fortified settlements on the site of today's Warsaw were Bródno (9th/10th century) and Jazdów (12th/13th century). After Jazdów was raided, a new similar settlement was established on the site of a small fishing village called Warszowa. The Płock prince Bolesław II of Masovia, established this settlement, the modern Warsaw, about 1300. In the beginning of the 14th century it became one of the seats of the Dukes of Masovia, becoming the capital of Masovia in 1413.Fourteenth-century Warsaw's economy rested on crafts and trade. Upon the extinction of the local ducal line, the duchy was reincorporated into the Polish Crown in 1526.