After the fall of Hitlers III Reich many Lusitian Serbs had hope for taking this Slavonic nation from under the thousand years German occupation.
Lusitian national activists dreamed about self-reliance. Even if not of full independence, then at least about union with Czechoslovakia. Or Poland.
Map of Lusatia from 1945 printed in Lusatian Budziszyn. (…)
Poland, which after II WW was cuted on east and added on west, touched with its borders Lusitian lands.
After displacing Germans from Sudety and Czech settlement in that area, Lusatia was close also to the Czech ethnical space.
And so – a bit unexpected – Lusatia was no more a Slavonic lake on German land. Slavonic element reached them. Lusitian activists were not to miss this oportunity.
Czechia, or Poland?
Dr Piotr Pałys from Polish-Lusitian organisation “Pro Lusatia”, one of the greatest experts on Serbo-Lusatian subject, writes in article about Lusatian activist Wojciech Koćka:
“Serbo-Lusatian program maximum was coming to gain full independence in mini-size country similar to Luxemburg or Andorra. This conception had all chances for success because after the war ,new geopolitical configuration placed Lusatia between Poland and Czechia and was no more a remote enclave.
Acceptable was also autonomy in boundaries of Czechoslovakia or Poland. Geographical considerations were supporting Poland ,but among Serbo-Lusatian society pro-Czech option was dominating”.
Pro-Czech because as Czechs were important part of Lusatian contiousness , Poland appeared as a neighbour just after 1945.
Before then ,Lusatians -except the narrow group of intellectuals who were studying in Polish cities, were only meeting Poles who were coming to Germany for work.
Connections with Czechia were always quite strong.
-Most of Lusiatian priests who were a big part of Lusitian intelligencia studied in Prague. -said dr Pałys.
Czechs turn their heads
Czechs – including president Benesz himself- were yet very secure about Lusitian postulates.
On historical Lusatian lands ethnical and selfcountious Lusatians were small part of population.
Serbo-Lusitian movement was counting their number as aprox. 500.000 people (which was already half of the population living on the territory they wanted for their country) but the realistic number was closer to 100.000.
Czechs who were focused on degermanisation were not so eager to include in their territory another lands where Germans live.(…)
Polish propagandic card from the II Republic of Poland period. In this vision Lusatia is part of Poland ,as well as Czechia and Slovakia.
Maybe Poland then? Lack of common agreement failed.