Four votes for Poland
-Certain Lusitian teacher from city Grodk (ger.Spremberg) – says dr Pałys- mentioned that when in 1945 in his neighbourhood Polish soldiers have stationed. One of the officers came to him and said that borders are yet not created and there is Poland where Polish soldiers foot stand. So as well it may be here on Lusatia.
Officer convinced teacher to gain signatures under petition in this case. Signatures were collected but -what supprised everyone- there were only four.
Easter procession on Lusatia. Near Ralbica (ger.Ralbitz)
While “Polish option” was not popular among Lusitian nation, there were factions of Lusitian national activists (like Wojciech Koćka and Jurij Cyż) who were actually looking for it in Warsaw.
As Czech president Edward Benesz was not even responding to Lusitian notes, Polish politicians were declaring safe sympathy for this movement.
In 1945 Lusitian independence fighter Jan Cyż gained cautious declaration of support from Bolesław Bierut. Cautious because Poles – in moment when fate of border on Odra and Nysa which Stalin was forcing against the German communists on which he wanted to base – were affraid to take deeper breath, so that this house of cards would not crumble.
Polish sentiments for Serbs
In Polish society Lusatians had very wide support, much wider than – it would look – than Poles on Lusatia.
Traditional Sorbian house in Rowne (ger.Rohne)
There were pro-lusatian organisations created ,conferences were made. Piotr Pałys in text titled “Nad Łużycami polska straż” (Polish guard over Lusatia)
writes that “the greatest energy on this field was shown by created in 1945 on Poznań University, Academic Association of Lusatia Friends”Prołuż”[…]. In short period if time “Prołuż” gained status of organisation with national reach.
In the growth of the organisation big part played propagandic action “Polish guard over Lusatia!”.
Activists of “Prołuż” reached the redactions of newspapers and magazines, they gained the access
to radio, they were producing their pamphlets ,newspapers and postcards. In many cities they were making
marches and manifestations (…). AALF “Prołuż” was bravely entering also into the politics ,sending memorials in defence of Lusatia to Unated Nations and government.
But since the second half of this year ,dark clouds started to cumulate over “Prołuż” and its all structures working for “small nation”.
Gouvernment in Poland was adjusting their practice to soviet policy towards Germany, and liquidated whole movement.
Karol Stojanowski, antrophologist and politician was actually talking in 1946 about reslavicisation of part of Germany:
“Lusatians should gain for their nation, separate country, guaranteed by Unated Nations. We cant and we shouldnt create little country ,narrowed to the Lusatians who speak Lusatian language. It would have been very weak creation. We have to create now, great at least 2 mln or even 3 mln Lusitian country ,similar in sociological structure and character to Ireland.
In new Lusatian country Lusatians not germanized would have to gain oportunity to reslavicize their germanized folks” -wrote Stojanowski in printed in 1946 text “For reslavicization of eastern Germany”.
How this country suppouse to look?
“According to Koćka – writes dr Pałys – they were talking about field of 11 Lusatian districts in size of 125000km^2. With aprox.250.000 Serbo-Lusatians ,including germanized element.He also came out with conception of moving Sorbs to most western parts of Lusatia and relocating Germans deeper into country”.
Another map printed shortly after the firs one. Here cities inside of Poland have Slavonic names but many of them differs from the ones used nowadays.
Action of Slavonic Countries
30 april 1946 Warsaw was visited by ambasador from Łužiskoserbskeje Narodneje Rady Pawoł Cyż.
Dr Pałys in article “Connections of Pawoł Cyż with Poland and Poles” writes that his purpouse was to gain help from Poland.
No t only cultural and material but also political. Cyż wanted to organize common action of Slavonic countries including ofcourse Poland to settle some kind of Lusatian autonomy even in boundaries of another Slavonic country.
“In his opinion ,country/law case of Lusatian future could be solved by adding them to Poland or Czechoslovakia as autonomic region, federation woth one of those countries or at least some form of Lusatian independence under the protection of UN or CCCP” – writes dr Pałys.
And what CCCP about it?
The most important player in region – CCCP – wasnt very interested in Lusatian aspirations. In 1945 Moscow sent there few soviet commisions to check the situation but they didnt supported the case.
It would seem to be strange – Slavonic, communistic country on the far western reaches should be good for Soviet Union ,at least from the strategic point of view. And as we know Soviet Union had also panslavic sentiments. The more of that Lusatia would have been very thankful to Moscow.
Why they left Lusatia?
-Stalin was still playing for whole Germany ,not only soviet occupied region- says dr Pałys – Germany was already cuted by 1/3 of their territory which they had to give to Poles. German society was very much against it ,german communists were not excluded and Stalin was depending on them in his plans of taking whole Germany into his reach of influences.
He couldnt make them more angry. Moscow have not even decided to unite Lusatia into one autonomic or not ,region of Germany. They were still separated to Saxony and Brandenburg.
Serbia to Sorbs
The only country that stood up in the matter of Lusatian Sorbs was Yugoslavia ,which already in 1947 made an official statement in case of Serbo-Lusatian independence.
It could have been national sympathy, Serbs traditionaly support their Lusatian brothers: according to historians Balkan Serbs and Serbo-Lusatians have common pre-homeland White Serbia (…).
Part of Serbs went to Balkans and Lusatians stayed in the region.
Statement of Yugoslavia ,which of course couldnt play any political role on Lusatia, changed nothing.
Lusatia stayed what it was until then: the rest what left of the myth of western Slavonic border. /GG:A MYTH?!/
German country now is not making problems as much as before in cultivating a Slavonic culture and identity, quite oposite:
they give big sums of money for that. In Lusatian cities we will find bi-linguistic signs and street names ,Serbian cultural and educational istitutions.
There is Lusatian press.