#375931

Anonymous

more common celtic slavic words

english | proto-Celtic | lithuanian | serbian (slavic)

ball | *glāwo- (?) | galva| glava (head)
be dark | (*teme-) | tamsa| taman (dark)
bitter | *gorsti- (?) | kartus| gorki
blame | *kʷin-u- (?) |kaltė| kinjiti
blood | *kruwos- (?) | kraujas| krv
bloody | (*krewa-) |kruvinas| krvav
bow | (*le(n)k- (?)) |lankas| luk

being | buti | būti| biti (to be), budi (you be)

(*curly) hair | *gourjo- | gauruotas| kovrdzava/grgurava (curly) kosa (hair)
(be) quiet | *tauso- | tyla| tiho (quiet), tišina (silence)

breathe (?) | (*dū-) | duh (ghost), dah (breath), disati (breathe), duvati (to blow)
bridge | *brīwā- (?) | brvno (body of tree used as a improvised bridge)
bright | *belo-, beleno- (?) | belo (white)
brother | *brātīr | brat – PIE*
brow | *bruwi- (?) | obrva – PIE*
burn | *teφ- | topiti (melt)
buttocks | *getto- (*gesdo- ??) | guza
by | *φari | pored (by, next to)
car | *kʷol-ō | kola – possibly derived from old words for wagon
care | *maro- (??) | mariti
carpenter's tool | *kantairV- (??) | kantar (weighing tool – scale)
circle | *kuro- (?) | krug
cleft | *bulko-, -ā | pukotina
clothes | *wīs-kā- | veš < PIE *wēs-kā
cloak | *tonakā- (?) | tunika
coal | *goglo | ugalj
cough | *kʷasto | kašalj
counter |*φrit- | protiv
( "counter-strike" – *φrit-gʷani- , and "counter-swear" – *writ-tung-e)
cow | *bou | vo (ox)
cuckoo | *kouko-, kukā | kukavica – obviosuly based on sound bird produces
cultivated (*ploughed) land | *φolkā | polje (field)
curly | *krikso| krivo (not straight)
danger,illness | *gustu | gusto (dense) – used also for difficult situations such as danger, tough illness
dark | *temeno | tama(darkness) , tamno (dark)
daughter | *merkā | ćerka

less obvious:
buds | *bakl- (??) | baklja (torch)
build | *dema- | temelj (foundation of buidling)
chin,cheek | *groudos | grudi (breast – also in males) – common point – part of body that is sticking out…
cloud | *neglo- (??) | magla (fog)
cream | *soimeno- (?) | seme(no) (seed)

english | proto-Celtic |serbian (slavic)
daughter | *genet(t)ā | žena (wife, woman) – Celtic word sounds to me as a demunitive for word woman
day | *din | dan
dead | *marwo | mrtvo
dear | *dreuto- / *drouto-, *drūto | drago
decay |*mrato | mreti (in process of dying)
deceive | *lug | lagati (to lie)
deception | *kloφni- | klopka (trap)
deep | *dubno-, *dubni | duboko
deer | *el-lant-ī- (?), *el-an-ī | jelen
defecate | *kakk-āje/o | kaki(ti) (usually used for small children, babies)
depraved | *mallo | malo (=little)
depth | *dubno-tero | dubina
detach |*skart-āje/o | škartirati (throw away, reject) – could be loan perhaps germanic
dirt; anger | *brokkV- / *brukko-, -ā- (?) | bruka (emberassment – which is in fact a word for dirt event that cause anger)
disgust | *gragni- (?) | grozno (disgusting), gadjenje (disgust), zgroziti se (to become disgusted)
dog | *kwū, *kun | kuče, kuca (small dog), kuna (martel)
door, gate | *dworestu- (?) | dvorište (garden), dveri (gate, door)
double | *dwei-φlo | duplo
dough | *taisto | testo
dove | *kolombo- (or < Lat.?) | golub
drink | *φib-e/o- | piće (drink), piti (to drink) – φ was so far always 'p'
druid |*derwo-wid- (?) | drvo (tree) + vid (vision) – world was seen as a tree…druids were people able to see in the tree

not so obvious:
doctor | *lī(φ)agi- (??) | lekar
dawn | *wāsri | zora
dig | *kʷal-e/o | kal (mud, ground)
ditch | klado | klada (log) – guess due to bugs bunny cartoons but I always imagine ditch behind a log…

english | proto-Celtic |russian| serbian (slavic)

breathe (?) | (*dū-) | /duh |duh (ghost), dah (breath), diišat| disati (breathe), diišat( to breathe)| duvati (to blow)
bridge | *brīwā- (?)| brevno| brvno (body of tree used as a improvised bridge)
bright | *belo-, beleno- (?) | belii| belo (white)
brother | *brātīr | brat| brat – PIE*
brow | *bruwi- (?) | brovi| obrva – PIE*
burn | *teφ- | topit (sink) | topiti (melt)
– buttocks | *getto- (*gesdo- ??) | guza
– by | *φari | pored (by, next to)
– car | *kʷol-ō | kola – possibly derived from old words for wagon
– care | *maro- (??) | mariti
– carpenter's tool | *kantairV- (??) | kantar (weighing tool – scale)
circle | *kuro- (?) |krug| krug
-cleft | *bulko-, -ā | pukotina
-clothes | *wīs-kā- | veš < PIE *wēs-kā
cloak | *tonakā- (?) |tunika| tunika
coal | *goglo | ugl| ugalj
cough | *kʷasto | kasliat| kašalj
counter |*φrit- | protiv| protiv
( "counter-strike" – *φrit-gʷani- , and "counter-swear" – *writ-tung-e)
cow | *bou | bul| biik| vo (ox)
cuckoo | *kouko-, kukā | kukuška| kukavica – obviosuly based on sound bird produces
cultivated (*ploughed) land | *φolkā | pole| polje (field)
curly | *krikso| krivoj| krivo (not straight)
danger,illness | *gustu | gustoj| gustugusto (dense) – used also for difficult situations such as danger, tough illness
dark | *temeno | tama(darkness) , temno| tamno (dark)
daughter | *merkā | docurka (daugther in diminutive)| ćerka

less obvious:
buds | *bakl- (??) | fakel| baklja (torch)
-build | *dema- | temelj (foundation of buidling)
chin,cheek | *groudos | grudi| grudi (breast – also in males) – common point – part of body that is sticking out…
cloud | *neglo- (??) | mgla| magla (fog)
cream | *soimeno- (?) | semena|seme(no) (seed)
daughter | *genet(t)ā | žena| žena (wife, woman) – Celtic word sounds to me as a demunitive for word woman
day | *din | den| dan
dead | *marwo | mertvii| mrtvo
dear | *dreuto- / *drouto-, *drūto | dorogoi| drago
decay |*mrato | umeret| mreti (in process of dying)
deceive | *lug | lgat| lagati (to lie)
-deception | *kloφni- | klopka (trap)
deep | *dubno-, *dubni | gluboki| duboko
deer | *el-lant-ī- (?), *el-an-ī | olen| jelen
defecate | *kakk-āje/o | kakat| kaki(ti) (usually used for small children, babies)
depraved | *mallo | malii| malo (=little)
depth | *dubno-tero | glubina| dubina
-detach |*skart-āje/o | škartirati (throw away, reject) – could be loan perhaps germanic
-dirt; anger | *brokkV- / *brukko-, -ā- (?) | bruka (emberassment – which is in fact a word for dirt event that cause anger)
disgust | *gragni- (?) | groznii (threatening) grozno (disgusting), gadjenje (disgust), zgroziti se (to become disgusted)
-dog | *kwū, *kun | kuče, kuca (small dog), kuna (martel)
door, gate | *dworestu- (?) | dvor| dvorište (garden), dver| dveri (gate, door)
-double | *dwei-φlo | duplo
dough | *taisto | testo| testo
dove | *kolombo- (or < Lat.?) | golub| golub
drink | *φib-e/o- | piće (drink), pit| piti (to drink) – φ was so far always 'p'
druid |*derwo-wid- (?) | drvo | drevo (tree) + vid| vidit (vision|to see) – world was seen as a tree…druids were people able to see in the tree

not so obvious:
doctor | *lī(φ)agi- (??) | lekar| lekar
dawn | *wāsri | zaria| zora
– dig | *kʷal-e/o| kal (mud, ground)
– ditch | klado | klada (log) – guess due to bugs bunny cartoons but I always imagine ditch behind a log…

first correction

english | celtic | serbian
bed | *leg-jo, *legos | ležaj

(previously I used verb to explain similarity, stupidly didnot remember obvious and quite used word)

now, we can continue:

english | celtic | serbian
dry | krasto | krasta (dried blood on wound, scab, but in fact 'crust' would be proper word if english was more logical)
duty, goal | *adilo | cilj – to recognise this one you need to pronounce it…
dung | *kagVlo- (?) | kaljavo (dirty, muddy)
eagle | *ero-, *eruro | orao
ear | *ausos | uši (this is plural)
eat | *westi, *ed-e/o | jesti (to eat), jede (he,she eats) (already before there was 'w'->'j)
edge, bank | *brū | provalija (chasm)
egg |*owjo- (?) | jaje (again 'w' -> j)
elk (?, CW) | *lono | lane (baby deer)
enclosure | *skorā- (?) | kora (outer layer, crust)
enemy | nāmant | neman (monster, dangerous animal)
evening | *weskʷro-, uskʷro- (??)| veče(r) (evening), uskoro (soon)
excrement | *kakkā | kaka
eye | *okʷlo- | oko
fall | *φesti | pasti (to fall down)
fame | *klewos | čuven PIE
famous |*ati-gnāto | po-znat
fast | *bousano- (??) | brz, brzina (speed), ubrzano (accelerated)
fast (?) | *sφraxto | spretno (skillfully, ably)
father | *tato- (*tata?) | tata, tato (dad, daddy)

less obvious:
dwelling | *ad-rostu- (??) | odrasti (grow-up) – when we try to speak of places where we dwelled first one would be where we did grow up… and e.g. animals dwell on single place while they have youngsters, till they grow up…

dunk | *tumb-e | tumbati (to move or roll stg. around…) – dunk would be to move stg. around in a fluid…

eat | *φit-e/o | pita (pie)

empty | *wāsto | pusto (empty location), pustinja (desert) – but 'w' was so far mapping to 'j' or or 'v' ..though 'v' and 'p' are alike…

ebb | *trag-jo- (Br.), *trāgjo- (Ir.) | trag (trace) – ebb is about declining…when water is declaining there is trace of it…. and traces were important to hunters…so in those time traces would be the key (and almost only) example of something declining with time….

dwelling-place | *adVbV- (??) | udobno (comfortable )

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