A list of factors used in calculating the Global Peace Index (GPI) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Peace_Index
1. Number of external and internal wars fought
2. Estimated deaths due to external wars
3. Estimated deaths due to internal wars
4. Level of perceived criminality in society
5. Number of homicides
6. Number of jailed persons
7. Number of armed services personnel
8. Number of heavy weapons
9. Ease of access to small arms and light weapons
And others …
Let’s put ranking of Russia and North Korea aside for a moment and compare some stats and facts for USA and Belarus relevant to the factors above. I could have chosen any other two countries for this purpose.
USA have been involved in many external conflicts in the last 10 years suffering losses and causalities. The homicide rate in USA and Belarus is the same according to some source, which I find difficult to believe knowing how violent some of the states of America are.
Many Americans have an easy access to small weapons. US spends on military more than any other country. That's a fact. The country posses heavy weapons. The number of people in America in jail is very high. Probably higher per capita than for most countries.
While 1 out of every 142 Americans is now actually in prison, 1 out of every 32 of us is either in prison or on parole from prison, according to yet another report on Americans behaving badly from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This means that 6.7 million adult men and women — about 3.1 percent of the total U.S. adult population — are now very non-voluntary members of America's "correctional community."
According to the report, the GPI for USA is 88 and 109 for Belarus. Those who have to Belarus and America would have little doubts about which country is safer and more peaceful. The report is biased and the results of this report are suspect. IMHO.