It might indicate the fact that the pots and vases produced by the Slavs are discovered by archaeologists in the richly furnished graves. They occur in them next to the finest jewels of the time. Such findings were encountered among in Birka, located on the lake Mälaren near Stockholm today – one of the most important centers of the Scandinavian Viking days. It was there before the Second World War pots and vases unearthed, which now fill the shelves of the Stockholm museum stores. Many products also Slavic pottery discovered in Skane (now southern Sweden, in the Viking period belonged to Denmark) and the Danish islands.
Another dating back to the excavations carried out in such important centers of the world such as the Danish Viking Hedeby, lying at the
base of the peninsula of Jutland and Kaupang in southern Norway.
In the first half of the tenth century, the intensity of contacts Slavic-Scandinavian faded. Slavic finds from this period in Scandinavia
is much less. These are also the Vendian pottery. Their technical and aesthetic quality was much lower than those that went to
Scandinavia in the previous century. This type of vessel in the nomenclature of archaeological ceramics are referred to as type
Not all Slavic dishes from the ninth and first half. X c., Which was discovered in Scandinavia, was taken in as a result of trade.
Archaeologists have since put the hypothesis that it is also produced in Scandinavia. They can be Slavonic women producing that reached
for the Baltic eg. As a result of the exchange of women between the Slavs and Scandinavians. Also suspected that some houses in
Scandinavia, already from the eighth century, may have been inhabited by Slavs.
The concept of Slavic pottery production in Scandinavia decided to investigate using physico-chemical methods. They rely on a laboratory
analysis of the composition of the ceramic, which formed vessel. The number of studies carried out so far is too small to be able to tell
for or against the above hypothesis.
Guests at home
Our conversation with Mrs. Danish archaeologist took place in a very relaxed atmosphere on the beach in Jutland. To time.
As soon as the conversation went on the presence of the Slavs in Viking Scandinavia – Dane turned and walked away disgusted.
It turns out that similar problems that are accepting Poles Normans stay on Polish territory, they are also familiar with Scandinavians.
Their problem is, however, much larger than ours, because incomparably greater was the scale of Slavic settlement in early medieval
The best example is the research on ceramics. Is it the most. Slavic dish goes back to Scandinavia to the year 990. They are, however,
the incomparably greater numbers than in previous centuries. A huge number of Slavic vessels unearthed during excavations carried out in
the Danish islands, in Skane, in the whole belt of the southern coast of Sweden and the islands of Öland and Gotland. Most of them come
from emerging cities there at the time – such as Lund, Roskilde and Sigtuna.
First specimens were similar to those that occurred at the same time on the southern coast of the Baltic Slavic. Lateslavonic was
marked by a new production technique, which consists of a total rounding on the potter’s wheel and thus achieved high quality. Over
time, the XI and XIII centuries Slavic pottery that became widespread in these areas of Scandinavia, almost completely supplanted the
native output. Slavic pottery began but give specific local Scandinavian form and ornamentation.
The subject of the research ceramics has become the early twentieth century. Then developed a large amount of blood found in Lund. Even
then, it was noticed that they had Slavic origin. For this reason, lateslavonic vessel discovered in Scandinavia was called
Baltic-Vendian ceramics. Very quickly, however, the term was reduced, limiting itself to the Baltic ceramics.
Another “progress” was trying to interpret test of these vessels without their Slavic descent. The explanation for the occurrence of mass
Slavic pottery in Scandinavia since it became a serious and uncomfortable problem.
In 2001 was published a huge book – which is the largest in terms of size doctorate in the history of Swedish archeology. Its author
Mats Roslund – archaeologist working at the University of Lund titled his work “Gaster and huset” or “guests in the house,” meaning
“Slavs in Scandinavia”. In the paper the enormity of the prevalence of Slavic pottery in the North. Despite the fact that the author
used the work already grated sometimes called the Baltic ceramics, it pointed to the Slavic origin, in this way, hopefully, closing
Ceramics is not the only witness to the presence of Slavs in Scandinavia at the time. The Slavic colonization evidenced by findings
of jewelry, including pendants temporal, knife sheaths and fittings … today the names of some of the Danish villages.
Female ornaments – temporal “kabłączki” are considered evidence of an Slavonic women. In the north, unearthed them for example in Sigtunie and on
Bornholm and Gotland. Sheath knives were shod brown plate while dressed as one of the attributes of the Slavic man.
The largest collection of Slavic hardware found in the Danish Roskilde and Eketorp fort on Öland. The most spectacular sights associated
with the Slavic culture are two small figures. They imagine pagan deity Światowit. They are very similar to the sculpture, which we know
from Wolin. In Scandinavia, unearthed in graves that hide most likely the remains of Slavic women.
With the phenomenon of Slavic settlement in Scandinavia also involve today the names of some villages on the Danish island of Lolland,
Falster, Langeland and Fyn. These were areas of intense Slavic colonization at the end of X in. There are two types of names there.
First have a characteristic Slavic tip – Lits. They are: Korbelitse, Kuditse, Kunditse, Revitse, Tillitse, Binnitse, Kramnitse, Billitse
on Lolandii and Jerlitse on Falster. The second group of names with prefixes or vent- vind-, owes its origin to the Danish population,
which thus determined the Slavs. These are the names of such. Vindeby on Funen, Vindeballe on Aro, Vindeltorp and Vindeby on Langeland,
Vindeby, Vinda Saby and Vindeholme on Lolandii, Vindbyholt, Vinderup, Vind Helsinge, Vinderup, Vindebode and Vinderod on Zealand.