As about Northern Kazakhstan – first Russian fortresses appeared in XVI century, resident landowners came back in the second half of the 19th century. Since 1866, began the resettlement of peasants from the European provinces of Russia in Kazakhstan (the first immigrants settled in the Akmola region near Lake Saumal). Then the trickle became a stream of immigrants. From 1897 to 1916 in Kazakhstan has been moved 1.3 million people.