Well, well. Yes, it seems similiar. However, as far as I know, 200 years ago linguistic experts were confused about similiarities between Sanskrit and Greek and Latin languages. They started to compare lists of words written in Sanskrit and in European languages. Later they realised that this is more than simple coinsidence – they discovered similarities also in grammar (e.g. verbs endings).
Jeffrey Armstrong, a pro guy in Vedas and Sanskrit, told in 2000:
Discovering of the role of Sanskrit was a huge problem, because India were British colony. Submission of the culture to the British crown, who was claiming at that time that its history dates back to 50 000 or 60 000 before, and was a basis of language and literature of the colonizer, led to confusion. British were unable to accept that, so scholars of that times created a theory which claimed, that a group of people – Aryans – who lived on Russian steppes came on horses to India 1500 years ago, bringing the Vedas with them. Unfortunately, they missed the fact, that Vedas had astronomic calculations from 7000 years before. There is no evidence, nor any proof that people who were riding horses, had observatories and were doing researches on stars for 7000 years. However, these western scholars missed it and believed in theory, that Aryans invaded India and defeated Dravidian peoples according to their improved technology and wisdom. This theory was similiar to the one prefered by Adolf Hitler, who took a term “Aryan” from Vedan culture, where a word “arya” means noble people trying to liberate their souls from the darkness of materiality. This term has nothing to do with race, with culture, but is about spiritual aspiration to liberate “atma” (soul) from “tamas” (darkness).
Obviously, what I quoted above is a bit radical. As we know, there are Aryan peoples, as a race. However, there was many misconceptions in the past and we may be confused a bit nowadays. Many European and Indian languages are similiar to the Sanskrit. Many European languages have plenty of similiar words to Sanskrit. For example, English “mother”, “father” and “brother” comes from Latin, and Latin words comes from Sanskrit (matar, pitar, bhratar).
Lithuanian and Latvian language are believed to be “alive petrification” of Sanskrit. They are old enough to share similarities with Sanskrit, for example numbers below – in order “Sanskrit, Polish, Lithuanian, Latvian, Latin”.
1. eka – jeden – vienas – viens – unus
2. dwa(u) – dwa – du – divi – duo
3. traja/tri – trzy – trys – tris – tres
4. ćatur – cztery – keturi – četri – quattuor
5. pańća – pięć – penki – pieci – quinque
6. szasz – sześć – šeši – seši – sex
7. sapta – siedem – septyni – septini – septem
8. aszta – osiem – aštuoni – astoni – octo
9. nava – dziewięć – devyni – devini – novem
10. daśa – dziesięć – dešimt – desmit – decem
To be honest… is Lithuanian very similiar in your opinion to Sanskrit, or is it simply similiar to Latin which was similiar to Sanskrit?
Many words in various languages comes from Greek or Latin. And these two languages were similiar to Sanskrit. It was a rule, in my opinion, however I need to be honest about translation that Nononoka provided – Lithuanian seems to be very similiar. However we will have to check some totally random sentences in Sanskrit and check, how similiar they are. Because someone could have simply search those words which are definitely similiar.