Galicia (Ukrainian: Галичина, Halychyna; Polish: Galicja; Czech: Halič; German: Galizien; Hungarian: Galícia/Kaliz/Gácsország/Halics; Romanian: Galiția/Halici; Russian: Галиция/Галичина, Galitsiya/Galichina; Rusyn: Галичина, Halychyna; Slovak: Halič; Yiddish: גאַליציע, Galytsye) is a historical and geographic region in Central Europe, once a small kingdom, that currently straddles the border between Poland and Ukraine. The area, which is named after the medieval city of Halych,[citation needed] was first mentioned in Hungarian historic chronicles in the year 1206 as Galiciæ.


Coat of arms Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria


Why is Crow, Raven (gal, black bird) on the coat of arms of Galicia? The description of the picture says:

Arpad and the six other chieftains of the Magyars. From the Chronicon Pictum.  It showing the shield with the Royal House of Arpad Coat of Arms, a sitting black "Jackdaw".



This is definitely not a jackdaw. Look at the beak. It is Gal, Raven. This is also not the Arpad's coat of arms. It is coat of Arms of Gaich, Galicia. What is going on here?

Commandery of Transcarpathia – Galicia Minor



I love the names of the "Celto Germanic" tribes that lived in Galicia originally:

The region has a turbulent history. In Roman times the region was populated by various tribes of Celto-Germanic admixture, including Celtic-based tribes – like the Galice or "Gaulics" and Bolihinii or "Volhynians" – the Lugians and Cotini of Celtic, Vandals and Goths of Germanic origins (the Przeworsk and Puchov cultures). Several ethnographers consider the local boiko people part of the Celtic tribes. Beginning with the Wandering of the nations, the great migration coincident with the fall of the Roman Empire, various groups of nomadic people invaded the area:

Every single one is later in Early medieval times found as western Slavic tribe:

Lugians, Lugi – Lugian Sorbs, Lužički Srbi
Vohinians – Volci

The Iron Age Przeworsk Culture is considered by some archaeologists as one of the original cultures which led to the Slavic spread, between 2nd century BC and the 4th century AD. Located in the upper Dnestr valley, the Tisza river valley in Hungary and into the valleys of the Oder and Vistula, the settlements and cemeteries suggest that that Przeworsk folks were horsemen.

The Przeworsk culture has been tied to the origins of the Slavic peoples. Such studies were an outgrowth of late 19th and early 20th century attempts to connect modern ethnicity with archaeological manifestations of culture, and as such not an easy match.


The Púchov culture was an archaeological culture named after site of Púchov-Skalka in Slovakia. Its probable bearer was the Celtic Cotini and/or Anartes tribes. It existed in northern and central Slovakia (although it also plausibly spread to the surrounding regions) between the 2nd century BCE and the 1st century CE. The Púchov culture developed from the Lusatian culture and it was influenced later by Illyrian culture, Celts, and, by the beginning of the Christian era, by Dacians. Settlements were situated on moderate hill sides and near streams. The largest known religious, economic, and political center of the Púchov culture was the hill-fort of Havránok, famous for its traces of human sacrifice. As the result of the Dacian and Germanic tribes expansion at the beginning of the Common Era, the Púchov culture and its settlements started to decline, as its bearers were assimilated into Dacians and other migrating tribes.


So Puchov culture developed from Lusatian culture. Interesting, very interesting. They practiced human sacrifices, described as common among Western Slavs. And their main cultural center was called "Havránok", Raven hill….

Havránok hill fort  was a religious center of the Celts living in northern Slovakia. Its wooden shrine was built in the 1st century BCE around an exceptionally high wooden column, probably a totem or a statue. [1]

Excavation of a ritual pit situated near this central cult object revealed bones of at least seven people sacrificed during druidic rituals.[2] The victims were beaten to death, quartered, and in some cases also burnt. [1] Parts of their bodies were subsequently thrown into the pit. A large number of agricultural tools in the vicinity of the pit indicate that human sacrifices may have served to insure a good harvest.

The shrine also included a number of smaller wooden columns, with burnt offerings (mostly jewels, agricultural products, and animals) buried next to them.


Gal, Vran, Gavran…..