The most important parts of the article:
Beneš had compromised with the KSČ to avoid a postwar coup; he naïvely
hoped that the democratic process would restore a more equitable
distribution of power. Beneš had negotiated the Soviet alliance, but at
the same time he hoped to establish Czechoslovakia as a “bridge” between
East and West, capable of maintaining contacts with both sides. The KSČ
leader Klement Gottwald, however, professed commitment to a “gradualist” approach, that is, to a KSČ assumption of power by democratic means.
In the May 1946 election,
the KSČ won in the Czech part of the country (40.17%), while the
anti-Communist Democratic Party won in Slovakia (62%). In sum, however,
the KSČ won a plurality of 38 percent of the vote at the Czechoslovak
In July, the
Czechoslovak government, with KSČ approval, accepted an Anglo–French invitation to attend preliminary discussions of the Marshall Plan. The Soviet Union responded immediately to the Czechoslovak move to continue the Western alliance: Stalin summoned Gottwald to Moscow.
Upon his return to Prague, the KSČ reversed its decision. In
subsequent months, the party demonstrated a significant radicalisation
of its tactics.
On 25 February, Beneš, perhaps fearing civil war and/or Soviet
intervention, capitulated. He accepted the resignations of the dissident
ministers and appointed a new cabinet from a list submitted by
Gottwald. The new cabinet was dominated by Communists and pro-Soviet
Although there were still democratic parties, they had no power and commies seized all the power in the country.
They continued to transform the country and in 1960 they introduced a new constitution, some new state symbols and renamed the country from “Czechoslovak Republic” to “Czechoslovak Socialist Republic”.
I couldn’t make it any shorter.