Serbia has five autochthonous recognized dog breeds:
1. srdceleva already posted Šarplaninac (from Šar planina-Šar mountain) or Yugoslav Shepherd Dog. It’s an old breed common for mountainous regions, officially recognized in 1939. Used as shepherd dogs and as protection from wolves. They are extremely loyal.
2. Srpski pastirski pas (Serbian Shepherd Dog)
it’s a new breed, first introduced in 2004, officially recognized in 2009. It’s similar in size to Šarplaninac and has similar uses and traits.
3. Srpski gonič (Serbian Hound) also known as Balkan Hound (until 1996) because of it’s presence across Balkans.
Officially recognized in 1948. They are natural hunters, full of energy, hardy, intelligent, but hard to train.
4. Srpski trobojni gonič aka Trobojac (Serbian Tricolor Hound) also known as Yugoslav Tricolor Hound until the breakup of Yugoslavia.
Officially recognized in 1961. It’s hunting dog, but can be a family dog, although it reacquires a lot of space, activity and attention.
5. Srpski žuti gonič (Serbian Yellow hound)
This breed isn’t internationally recognized, but it is in Serbia. It’s a typical hunting dog.
Out of non recognized breeds SOP comes to my mind, it’s an abbreviation for Srpski odbrambeni pas (Serbian Defence Dog). It was created as a reconstruction of Serbian Mastiff mentioned in medieval sources and used by Serbian nobility. It was created by mixing wolves, tornjaks (sheep dog from Bosnia), Neapolitan mastiffs, rottweilers and American Staffordshire terriers. It’s a huge dog. The creator of the breed takes 1991 as it’s beginning. It’s perfect for training, extremely loyal, reliable and obedient, doesn’t trust strangers and it’s good with children. They have long lifetime 18-20 years, they are very strong and healthy breed, resistant to cold, illness and pain.