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- January 7, 2014 at 5:13 pm #346142
According to some (mostly descriptive attributes, we had to introduce amendments to the konneksia data from other researchers. Connexed easier by the fact that the author made a survey among the majority Slavs (Ukrainians, Belarusians, Russian, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Bulgarians, Croats).
For pigmentation of eyes and hair the Slavs in general occupy an intermediate position between the light (north) and dark (southern) Europoids. Most light pigmented Poles Northeast Mazur and Russian parts of northern areas (Oshta, Pomerania, Shenkursk) with about 70% of light eyes under the scheme V. Bunak, 40-50% and 10-15% of light dark hair № 4 – 5, 27 on a scale of Fisher.
Poles of the North-Western Poland (Pomerania), Mazur of South-East Mazur and Vilnys region, Belarusians of Northern Belorussia; Russian from some districts of the Leningrad and Arkhangelsk regions have 60% of light eyes, and about equal percentage (on average 20%) of bright and dark hair. Among the Poles in the central provinces of Poland, Luzacian Sorbs, Belarus of Central Belarus, Northeastern Czechs, Ukrainians of Northern Chernigov, Russian from Smolensk region, the Upper Volga, many districts Okes area blue-eyed make up about 50%, dark eyes – about 5-7%. The dark about 2 times greater (30%) than the blonde.
Approximately 40% of light and dark eyes 7-8% with 40-50% of dark hair and an average of 10% of blond hair have a southern Polish (Silezians and Cracovians), Ukrainians of Soutukrains zone, Volyn, Donec Basin, some steppe areas; most of the southern Great Russians, Southern Czechs, Eastern Slovaks.
About 30% of light-and dark-eyed 10% occur among the Ukrainian population of the Carpathian and Underdneprs zones, as well as among the Czechs, Slovaks-number of groups; Russian Povetluzhia and the adjacent part of the Vologda region, Podolsk area -OrehovoZuev – Vladimir and some Soutern Greatrussian groups. Dark-haired in the marked zones are approximately 50-60%, but the Russian Povetluzhya and the Volga-Oka interfluve percentage of dark-haired significantly lower. The percentage of dark eyes only in certain areas of Ukraine (Putilsky district in Bukovina) and south-western zone of Slovakia in the eastern and western Slavs is equal to the percentage of light (18-25).
We turn to the southern Slavs.
Slovenes and Croats, some areas in Croatia have a very high percentage of light eyes. At northern Slovenes (Austria) said up to 50% of light eyes. We studied a group of Croats in Slovakia was lighter than the surrounding Slovak population (Croats have 45% of light eyes, and neighboring Slovakia – 2 times less).
Darker pigmentation observed among Serbs and Montenegrins. In the past, on Valshiku, there is only 9% of light eyes (on Maleshu – 18%). In the percentage of Serbs, apparently higher (approximately 20).
As we studied the Bulgarian group percentage of dark eyes is relatively low (20%). This result differs significantly from the data of Popov and approaches the results Dronchilova. Bright eyes slightly less (15%), dark hair – 85% lighter – 2-3%.
Of considerable interest is the ratio of the frequency of convex and concave backs nose. Added that in areas where the population is characterized by a significant predominance of frequency convex backs on the percentage of concave nose, while there is a large percentage of the tips of the drooping nose, a large size of the nose along the length (height of the eyebrows) and correspondingly lower nasal index.
Concave back of the nose more noticeable convex population north of European part of the Soviet Union – in vostochnobaltiyskoy zone. Some of the predominance of the nose (as observed in several regions Urals, the Lower Volga (Volsky, Atkarsk, Serdobsk, Petrovsky), and in some places zone of the eastern Great Russians, Ukraine, Poland, Northern Slovenia. Roughly equal proportions of the frequencies of concave and convex backs of the nose has place mainly in the Valdai and tsentralnoukrainskoy zones in some areas of Belarus and Poland.
The predominance of convex noses characteristic for a number of southern Russian regions, Smolensk region, many areas Povetluzhya, Belorussia, Volhynia, Ukrainian Right Bank Polesie, Poland, and especially of the Carpathians, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria. In the Bulgarians, Serbs Macedonians, Montenegrins percentage convex backs up his nose in some cases, the maximum for the Slavs. Distribution of tertiary hair (beards and chest hair in men older than 25 years) is essential in anthropology, but this feature, unfortunately, not always defined by anthropologists.
Tertiary hair is poorly developed among Russian vostochnobaltiyskoy and Priuralskiy zones (in connection with a small Mongoloid admixture). Average degree characteristic of the southern Russian people, Russian Valdai area and several other areas, for the majority of Belarusians, northern (Polesie), Ukrainians, Poles (especially in Pomerania and Mazovia). Several highly developed tertiary hair in Russian and Belarusian part Il'men-Verhnedniprovske zone, some areas of southern Russian, Ukrainian tsentralnoukrainskoy zone. A strong degree of development of tertiary hair typical of Ukrainians Nizhniodniprovsk and Carpathian zones, as well as generally for the entire population of the Carpathian area (all Czechs, Slovaks, South Poles) and the South Slavs (perhaps with some exceptions for words). True, the Bulgarians, with significant development beards (except for certain groups of) hair on his chest on thick, what is there an analogy with the Ukrainians Nizhniodniprovsk zone.
Very briefly on a package of such signs by which you can catch even a slight admixture of Mongoloid elements: at a height of nose, transverse profile of the back of the nose, position of the axis of the nasal openings, the development of the folds of the upper eyelid, horizontal profiling face and jaw protrusion, the protrusion of the wings and nose profile . upper lip. This group of symptoms can be attributed, and Tertiary hair, but it decreases obviously, not always associated with Mongoloid admixture (such as the Ukrainians Polesie, Belarus). All of the Slavic peoples, as we know, of course are typical Europoids. However, this package of features installed very weak Mongoloid raid population of Eastern and Central Europe, including almost the whole of Germany (except for the Rhine area), including the area distribution of the notorious "Nordic race" – the North Sea coast (JH Cheboksarov, 1961 ). Catched Mongoloid admixture in several Russian regions of the Urals and vostochnobaltiyskoy zone. Less noticeable is the Ukrainians tsentralnoukrainskoy zone in a large part of Belarus and Russia, in parts of Ukrainian Carpathians. Due to lack of necessary data is more difficult to give a comparative description of the population of Poland. Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia. Available in our material suggests that the weak Mongoloid admixture is fixed by the Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Croats, not to mention the Germans.
The morphological height of face and zygomatic diameter are the smallest among the Russian population vostochnobaltiyskoy zone Bulgarian city of Plovdiv and North Poles Warmia differing gipomorfnostyu. Low height person (average 123 mm) is found among the Russian population of Bryansk and Kurschiny, the Belarusians South-Eastern Belarus and Ukrainians North-East of Ukraine. The average size person (morphological face height of approximately 125 mm, zygomatic diameter 141 mm) are typical for most of the Slavic peoples. However, Ukrainians, Czechs, Slovaks, the peoples of Yugoslavia zygomatic diameter often slightly above average (up to 144 mm) from the population of Montenegro and Herzegovina, Ukrainians, some areas of the Middle Dnieper, Czech central Bohemia and south-western Slovakia. Note that the Ukrainians Polesie, Rivne and Zhytomyr large zygomatic diameter (143-144 mm) combined with low morphological face height (122-123 mm), in connection with which the front index is very low (85,5). By this criterion, these groups are very different from Ukrainian Carpathian zone.
Variations of the cerebral index play a significant role in the allocation of fractional anthropological areas. The lowest cephalic index among the Slavs (78) marked the Bulgarians some areas of western and southern Bulgaria, as well as in parts of Zone of the eastern Great Russians ", which is characterized by a pointer 79, is also common in the areas mentioned above, Bulgaria and elsewhere in Macedonia.
The head pointer 80 was found in Russian Priok area, the White Sea area, the Ukrainians in the far north-west corner of Chernigov (Repkinsky rn) and Khotinshchina.
The value of the index 81-82 is typical for many Russian groups (demonstration card), for the Ukrainians Nizhniodniprovsk regions and some regions of Belarus, northern Poland, seven-eastern Bulgaria, the Serbian Krajina.
The values of 83-84 are typical for most of the population of Ukraine, the Upper Volga, in part Povetluzhya, many areas of Czechoslovakia, Central and Southern Poland, North-western Bulgaria, part of Yugoslavia (for example, South Serbia).
Finally, brahikefaliya (85) is expressed in the population of South Poland, a number of areas of Czechoslovakia, the Ukrainian Carpathians, Croatia, and especially Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is recorded an even higher index (with a maximum of 88 and 89 in Montenegro).
Based on the study of all the above variations, and when used for anthropological characteristics of the population of areal method preferred by the anthropologists of the USSR, one can identify local anthropological zones ethnic territory of the Slavs, which we merge, given the morphological characteristics and history of the formation of nations in the five larger Zones:
1) the Baltic;
3) the average European;
In conclusion, we emphasize that the same anthropological zones often cover not only various Slavic, but often the neighboring non-Slavic peoples (Germans, Hungarians, Romanians, Moldovans, Baltic and Finnish parody). This suggests a long and close historical ties ethnogenetic, reciprocal assimilation of Slavic and non-Slavic ethnic group.January 7, 2014 at 6:24 pm #425560
What is it with these anthropology study guys that they don't want to reveal their first names? V.D. Dyachenko? Who is he? What is the source of this study? When was it done? Did he like pay the peasants to check out their body hair? My Ukrainian Volhynian grandfather would have probably punched V.D. in the face if he tried to "check him out" in that way.January 8, 2014 at 1:33 am #425561
AnonymousQuote:What is it with these anthropology study guys that they don't want to reveal their first names? V.D. Dyachenko? Who is he? What is the source of this study? When was it done? Did he like pay the peasants to check out their body hair? My Ukrainian Volhynian grandfather would have probably punched V.D. in the face if he tried to "check him out" in that way.
Vasylʹ Dmytrovych Dyachenko or Vasiliy Dmitriyevich Dyachenko (in Russian) was a Soviet anthropologist from Ukraine. He published extensively on Ukrainian populations. This particular paper is from the 7th internation congress of anthropological and ethnographical sciences held in Moscow in 1964. So, it's an old research. Dyachenko used old data for Slavic populations published by other anthropolgists except for Ukrainians, which he gathered himself during field expedition.
There's no active research done in the field of physical anthropology in modern times, as it's considered a pseudo-science by many.
Modern genetic researches conducted by scientiests from different countries have shown there is no Mongoloid admixture among Slavic populations. There's a small percentage of Siberian admixture in some populations of Russia which are marginal populations. The admixture is not from Mongol but from Finno-Ugric peoples. The Finns have a large Siberian admix than the Russians.
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