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  • #342341

    Anonymous
    Bojná

    Bojná lies at the Považský Inovec in the valley of the Bojnianka Stream at an important transition point between Považie und Ponitrie.
    The name derives from the Old Slavic word bojňa, which relates to an estate guarded by a garrison (boj – a combat, bojovať – to fight). The ongoing archaeological research at the Valy hill fort proofs the presence of a combat unit in the early 9th century. Then Bojná was a central point in the Principality of Nitra -> http://www.slavorum.com/index.php/topic,546.0.html. First time mentioned in 1249, its bloom began in the 15th century but was stopped by the invasions of the Turks.

    In early 2007, researchers examining sites of three pre-Great Moravian forts began unearthing metal artefacts dating from the beginning of the ninth century, which were especially notable for their apparent depiction of the Christian cross. The artefacts pre-date the arrival to Slovakia of St Cyril and St Methodius in 862, the theologians who are universally acknowledged to have spread Christianity across Europe. The Bojná discoveries suggest, however, that at least a handful of talented smiths were already acquainted with the religion and were forging the belt buckles, necklaces, bridles and amulets that prove it. More than 1,000 articles have been recovered during the ongoing excavations, including some of the earliest known examples of cooking pots, wood-cutting implements and agricultural tools, suggesting that these folk were not only pioneers in the field of religion, but were also surprisingly well-advanced industrialists.

    The centrepieces are some gold-coated Italian plaquettes dating from the early ninth century, as well as a copy of a bell from the 10th century, among only nine of that age that have been found in Europe (two of the bells were broken, probably the pagans destroyed them later). The gold-coated plaques appeared to have come from a portable wooden altar. The brief Latin texts written on these plaques are the first documented use of letters among Central European Slavs. Besides the gold-coated plaques and bell, other objects have been found in the Valy hill fort near Bojná: different crafting instruments, agricultural tools, household fittings such as forged doors, keys, hoop buckets and even military items and talents – Slavic means of payment before coins as well as various types of jewelry. The articles that have been found suggest the Valy hill fort had been an important 9th century manufacturing, trade and missionary center.

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    Location of Bojná, Slovakia

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    [img width=700 height=501]http://1.bp.blogspot.com/__iN_OVwcgC4/S_mebQYsJ3I/AAAAAAAAAAc/0qvbZKlhk7g/s1600/2-bojna1.jpg”/>

    [img width=497 height=700]http://2.bp.blogspot.com/__iN_OVwcgC4/TMiMtlTlmWI/AAAAAAAAAHI/YA87kGawg0Y/s1600/bojna1.jpg”/>

    [img width=497 height=700]http://4.bp.blogspot.com/__iN_OVwcgC4/TMiNjJ9pXgI/AAAAAAAAAHQ/MDlMUp426T0/s1600/bojna13.jpg”/>

    [img width=504 height=700]https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-X2WKThAbOUk/TY0fcX9AvqI/AAAAAAAAAPk/pyc4fr2poQQ/s1600/PX00055.jpg”/>

    image

    image

    #366046

    Anonymous

    Wonderful thread as usual Svätoslava :). Lot of new information for me here. Thanks.

    #366047

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Lot of new information for me here. Thanks.

    And that is the point of it  :)  You are welcome, of course.

    #366048

    Anonymous

    Wow, this is awesome. Slavic archeology seems to get better everyday! Well for me, lol, I am still learning about it! ;D

    I can't wait until a large comprehensive work of this is published and gets international scholarly recognition.

    #366049

    Anonymous

    I hope so, Husarz  :)  But many locations are not explored yet because of lack of money.  :-

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