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  • #346127

    Anonymous

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polje

    Polje
    A polje (pronounced [pǒːʎe]) (or karst polje or karst field) is a large flat plain found in karstic geological regions of the world, with areas usually 5 to 400 km². The name derives from the Slavic languages and literally means "field", where in English "polje" describes specifically as karstic plain or field as explained previously.

    In geology
    A polje, in geological terminology, is a large, flat-floored depression within karst limestone, whose long axis develops in parallel with major structural trends and can become several miles (tens of kilometers) long. Superficial deposits tend to accumulate along the floor. Drainage may be either by surface watercourses (as an open polje) or by swallow holes (as a closed polje) or ponors. Usually, the ponors cannot transmit entire flood flows, so many poljes become wet-season lakes. The structure of some poljes is related to the geological structure, but others are purely the result of lateral dissolution and planation. The development of poljes is fostered by any blockage in the karst drainage.

    A polje or karst polje covers the flatbottomed lands of closed basins which may extend over large areas, up to 1,000 km². The flat floor of a polje may consist of bare limestone, of a nonsoluble formation (as with rolling topography), or of soil. A polje typically shows complex hydrogeological characteristics such as exsurgences, estavelles, swallow holes, and lost rivers. In colloquial use, the term "polje" designates flat-bottomed lands which are overgrown or are under cultivation. The Dinaric Karst has many poljes.

    They are mostly distributed in subtropical and tropical latitudes but some also appear in temperate or, rarely, boreal regions. Usually covered with thick sediments, called "terra rossa", they are used extensively for agricultural purposes.

    Some poljes of the Dinaric Alps are inundated during the rainy winters and spring seasons as masses of water called izvor or vrelo appears at the margins. The water disappears through shafts called ponor.

    Prominent karst poljes are Livanjsko polje (about 60km long and 7km wide), Glamočko Polje, Grahovsko Polje, Drvarsko Polje, Duvanjsko Polje, Kupreška Visoravan (Kupres Highlands), Popovo Polje, Dabarsko Polje, Nevesinjsko Polje and Gatačko Polje in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Logatec, Planina, and Cerknica Polje in Slovenia; Nikšićko Polje in Montenegro; Ličko Polje in Lika, Croatia.

    The term and its origin
    The term has is synonymous with interior valley. The word itself can be found in a number of languages including: French, German, Greek, Italian, Spanish and Turkish (which uses polye). The word polje itself is of Slavic origin (best known as the root for the country Poland – Polska from the Polish word pole). English borrows polje directly from the South Slavic languages Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Slovene. The equivalent in neighbouring Macedonian and Bulgarian is pole, and in Russian it is polye.

    Livanjsko Polje in Bosnia is largest polje in the world (Mount Dinara visible in the background).
    image

    In the Slavic languages field is:

    Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian: polje, поље
    Bulgarian/Macedonian: поле (pole)
    Russian: поле (polje)
    Belarusian: поле (polie)
    Czech/Polish/Ukrainian: pole
    Slovak: polia

    #425366

    Anonymous

    Prominent karst poljes are Livanjsko polje (about 60km long and 7km wide), Glamočko Polje, Grahovsko Polje, Drvarsko Polje, Duvanjsko Polje, Kupreška Visoravan (Kupres Highlands), Popovo Polje, Dabarsko Polje, Nevesinjsko Polje and Gatačko Polje in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Logatec, Planina, and Cerknica Polje in Slovenia; Nikšićko Polje in Montenegro; Ličko Polje in Lika, Croatia.

    Duvanjsko polje is where my family comes from :D

    #425367

    Anonymous

    Serbian cities with the word polje.

    Babina Poljana
    Bačko Dobro Polje
    Banovo Polje
    Bapsko Polje
    Belo Polje
    Bresno Polje
    Dobro Polje
    Duga Poljana
    Dugo Polje
    Kalipolje
    Krepoljin
    Liso Polje
    Lozničko Polje
    Pasi Poljana
    Petropolje
    Petrovo Polje
    Poljaci
    Poljana
    Poljane
    Poljanice
    Poljna
    Poljska Ržana
    Prijepolje
    Rajno Polje
    Tometino Polje
    Vele Polje
    Velje Polje
    Veliko Polje
    Vlaško Polje
    Vrhpolje

    There doesn't seem to be a lot in Croatia:

    Dugopolje
    Grubišno Polje
    Vrpolje

    #425368

    Anonymous

    Lots of polje in Slovenia.

    #425369

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Lots of polje in Slovenia.

    Indeed. Anyways i'd like to point out to all non-Slavic speaking people that word Pole isn't limited to karst. Or at least not in Slovenia. It just means field nothing more. I dunno why non-Slavs embraced Polje for flat Karst area…. 😮 :D

    #425370

    Anonymous

    Phala (फाल) is the sanskrit word for 'ploughed field'. So, no karst stuff.

    #425371

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Phala (फाल) is the sanskrit word for 'ploughed field'. So, no karst stuff.

    There's a text in sanskrit containing many Slavic cognates in another topic. Do you want to give a try guessing them? : ) http://www.slavorum.com/forum/index.php/topic,5388.msg85518.html#msg85518

    #425372

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    There's a text in sanskrit containing many Slavic cognates in another topic. Do you want to give a try guessing them? : ) http://www.slavorum.com/forum/index.php/topic,5388.msg85518.html#msg85518

    The slavic languages are the closest to the vedic sanskrit, and the western scholars in the 19th century have missed that fact. Now some scholars claimed that the slavic languages have more resemblances with the vedic sanskrit than the hindi. :)
    I am in the very beginning of learning sanskrit, so i'll give it a try.

    By the way, have you seen the Schleicher's fable, written in protoindoeuropean?
    http://www.archaeology.org/exclusives/articles/1302-proto-indo-european-schleichers-fable

    #425373

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Phala (फाल) is the sanskrit word for 'ploughed field'. So, no karst stuff.

    In Avestan (note the similarities to some Slavic words for village)
    vâstranãmca [vâstra] n. pasture; field …
    vâstrem vâstrîm [vâstri?] owner or keeper of a field(?)
    vâstryât [vâstrya] (Abl) m. farmer; n. business, industry; industrious

    #425374

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    In Avestan (note the similarities to some Slavic words for village)
    vâstranãmca [vâstra] n. pasture; field …
    vâstrem vâstrîm [vâstri?] owner or keeper of a field(?)
    vâstryât [vâstrya] (Abl) m. farmer; n. business, industry; industrious

    Yes, the irano-aryans and the indo-aryans were the same people at one time, but their religious differences separated them on two branches. In sanskrit village is 'vastu' (dwelling place).

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