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- November 4, 2011 at 2:09 pm #342312
The first pan-Slavist was Croatian Catholic missionary Juraj Križanić (Russian: Крижанич, Юрий), who lived in 17th century. Some of the earliest manifestations of Pan-Slavic thought within the Habsburg Monarchy have been attributed to Adam Franz Kollár and Pavel Jozef Šafárik. The movement began following the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815. In the aftermath, the leaders of Europe sought to restore the pre-war status quo. At the Congress of Vienna, Austria's representative, Prince von Metternich, felt the threat to this status quo in Austria was the nationalists demanding independence from the empire. While their subjects were composed of numerous ethnic groups (such as Italians, Romanians, Hungarians, etc.), most of the subjects were Slavs.
Early life, education, and early missionary work
Križanić was born in Obrh, near Bihać (in present-day Bosnia Herzegovina) in 1618, a period of political turmoil and of Turkish invasions into Croatia. He attended a Jesuit grammar school in Ljubljana and a Jesuit gymnasium in Zagreb from 1629 to 1635. His father died when he was 17 years old, at approximately the same time he graduated from the gymnasium. He began attending the University of Bologna in 1638 to study theology and graduated in 1640. Shortly after graduating Križanić began attending the Greek College of St. Athanasius, a center in Rome for the training of Catholic missionaries who would work with Orthodox Christians, from which he graduated in 1642. By the end of his life he was proficient in ten languages. While Križanić had a strong desire to travel to Moscow with the ambitious goal of uniting the Roman Catholic and Russian Orthodox churches, he was assigned missionary duties in Zagreb, where he was a teacher at the Zagreb Theological Seminary as well as a priest in several neighboring towns.
Ideas and theories
Križanić was one of the earliest proponents of Pan-Slavism. The language he created and used in his writing (his "Common Slavonic Language") was a mixture of several Slavic languages and was devised to serve as a symbol of and even to promote Slavic unity.
A key component of Križanić's theories concerning necessary reforms for the Russian state were his "Five Principles of Power." His five principles were: Full autocracy (essentially absolute monarchy), closed borders, compulsory labor or a ban on idleness, government monopoly of foreign trade, and ideological conformity. Križanić argued that Russia would be strengthened if immigration were tightly restricted and if native Russians were prohibited from leaving the country without justification.
His works, which also include writings on music and economics, were re-discovered and printed in the mid-19th century.
Life in Russia
His appeal to the Czar to head the Slavs in the fight against the Germans shows a remarkable political foresight. Križanić was freed from exile on March 5, 1676. After that he remained in Moscow until 1678, when he travelled to Vilnius and later to Warsaw. He accompanied a Polish force on its way to liberate besieged Vienna from the Ottomans during the Battle of Vienna, where he died in 1683.
The guy was ahead of it's time, that's for sure… he had a popular social ideas early as year 1680, 3-4 centuries before they actually became popular in 20th century.November 4, 2011 at 8:49 pm #365601
That's a painting of Saint Leopold Mandić.
Also, Vinko Pribojević is apparently considered to be the founder of Pan-Slavism. Or so does Wikipedia say so.
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