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  • #344011

    Anonymous

    Belgrade Fortress (Serbian: Београдска тврђава), represent old citadel (Upper and Lower Town) and Kalemegdan Park (Large and Little Kalemegdan) on the confluence of the River Sava and Danube, in an urban area of modern Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Stari Grad. Belgrade Fortress was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. Belgrade Fortress is the core and the oldest section of the urban area of Belgrade and for centuries the city population was concentrated only within the walls of the fortress, thus the history of the fortress, until most recent history, equals the history of Belgrade itself. First mention of the city is when it was founded in the 3rd century BC as "Singidunum" by the Celtic tribe of Scordisci. The city-fortress was later conquered by the Romans, became known as Singidunum and became a part of "the military frontier", where the Roman Empire bordered "barbaric Central Europe". The Byzantine Emperor Justinian I rebuilt the Fortress around 535. In the following centuries a fortress suffered continuous destruction under the Avar sieges.  The name Belgrade (or Београд, in Serbian), which, not just in Serbian but in most Slavic languages means a "white town" or a "white fortress", was first mentioned in AD 878 in Papal letter. The Fortress kept changing its masters: Bulgaria, Byzantines Serbs, and Hugarians. Fortress was rebuilt few times, by Bela I of Hungary, by Byzantine, Emperor Manuel I, by Serbian Despot Stefan Lazrević. In 1521. it fell in Turkish hands. During the period of short Austrian rule (1718–1738) the fortress was largely rebuilt and modernized. It witnessed two Serbian Uprisings in the 19th century, the Great Serbian Migration in the 17th century, the Turkish Period. The fortress suffered further damages during the First and the Second world wars. After almost two millennia of continuous sieges, battles and conquests the fortress is today known as the Belgrade Fortress.

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    #395501

    Anonymous

    I would like very much to see Голубац (Golubac) fortress:

    image

    image

    [img width=700 height=525]http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_1JpSOk9w9sE/SOCuQhQcrOI/AAAAAAAAAxQ/T1X-W2yBkVk/s1600/golubac+castel+-+sec+14+serbia.jpg” />

    If I know well, it can be seen from Romania.

    #395502

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    I would like very much to see Голубац (Golubac) fortress:
    If I know well, it can be seen from Romania.

    Yes, Romania is just across Danube. :)

    Another Fortress on Danube:

    Smederevo Fortress (Serbian: Cмeдepeвcκa твpђaвa, Smederevska tvrđava), in Smederevo, Serbia, was a medieval fortified city and temporary capital of Serbia in the Middle Ages. It was built between 1427 and 1430, on the order of Despot Đurađ Branković, the ruler of the Serbian Despotate. It was further fortified by the Ottoman Empire, that had taken the city, in the end of the century. Smederevo is the largest medieval lowland type of fortresses in Europe.
    The fortress withstood several sieges between the Ottomans and Serbs, which it survived relatively unscathed. It was not until World War II that it was heavily damaged, by explosions and bombing. As of 2009 it is in the midst of extensive restoration and conservation work, despite which the fortress remains "one of the rare preserved courts of medieval Serbian rulers."Smederevo Fortress was declared a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and is protected by the Republic of Serbia. In 2010, the fortress was placed on the Tentative List for possible nomination as a World Heritage Site (UNESCO)

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    #395503

    Anonymous

    Thanks for all the great pics and information about Serbia.  I'm hoping to visit one day because i never knew how diverse and beautiful Serbia is.  Hope to meet people there and learn about their history and politics. 

    #395504

    Anonymous

    Thanks rod. I hope you will one day came and see historical treasures of Eastern Europe. :)

    Maglič (Serbian: Маглич ) is a medieval fortification above Ibar river gorge 20 km south of Kraljevo, Serbia. Its name means The Foggy One from the Serbian word "Magla" (Магла), meaning fog. Maglič was probably built in the first half of the 13th century by Stefan the First Crowned or his son Stefan Uroš I. During the XIV it belonged to Archbishop Danilo II, who wrote his famous hagiographies in Maglič. After capturing Smederevo on June 20, 1459, the Ottoman Empire occupied Maglič and held it until its recapture by Serbs during the Great Turkish War. After the defeat of the Serbian uprising the Ottoman Turks retook the fortress, abandoning it soon after.During the Second Serbian Uprising vojvoda Radoslav Jelečanin ambushed Turks in it and stopped their advance from Novi Pazar.

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