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    Anonymous

    Góra Ślęża (Ślęża mountain) is
    located in Lower Silesian voivodeship in Poland. The text below is a
    translation of the text to which link is on the bottom, images come
    from same source. The text about Ślęża on Wikipedia is here:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ślęża

    As world is long and wide we can see a
    lot of sacred places everywhere. Every religion, every nation, had
    and will have their centres of religious cult. Although there are
    cultural differences between old, historical tribes and modern ones,
    and between monotheistic and polytheistic religions, resulted in
    different appearance and form of practise, they have one thing in
    common – everyone was assure that in these places normal mortals can
    experience the divine presence. Today in whole Poland we can notice a
    lot of churches, in the past Slavs had their sacred groves, or mounts
    that were respected.
    Although we can’t say much about
    pre-Christian centres of the cult, we still gain the knowledge about
    the mysterious hills thanks to archaeology. Actually there are not
    many written sources which would tell us about places, where Pagans
    were worshipping their gods. With introduction of national religion,
    which became Catholicism, the times of monotheism in Poland started,
    and erasing pagan identity with it. The preachers of Christian faith
    were destroying everything that was Pagan: sacred groves burned,
    while statues called “bałwan” [bałwany in plural] were
    demolished in various ways. The hills however were not easy to get
    rid off, and thanks to this nowadays they can be a maginificent
    relict of Pagan spiritualism. One of such relicts is Ślęża mount –
    a place of ancient Pagan solar cult.

    The mount often disappears in a dense
    fog. There are two smaller mountains located nearby it: Radunia and
    Góra Kościuszki [Kościuszko mount]. According to the experts on
    Slavic culture, this triad if often called as Silesian or Slavic
    Olympus. Of all currently known to us religious cult centres, this
    one is surely the oldest. The scientists date its beginning in late
    Iron Age, and that is circa 600 BCE. The history of Ślęża are
    undisputedly connected with Protoslavic and Slavic popularions. It is
    also believed that people from the west – mainly Celts – were
    acquainted with the mount. The importance of the centre did not came
    to an end when Christianity was introduced. For some time there was
    also a Christian centre built in the same place, with a purpose of
    erasing former influences of Ślęża.

    On the top of the mountain there is an
    oval bank made of small black rocks, which were placed vertically.
    Between the two walls there is an interior, which was filled with
    small stones, gravel and sand. Currently the bank is partially
    ruined. Below, more or less in the half of mount’s height, there was
    another bank in shape of crescent, long for 400 m and high for about
    2 m.

    On the neighbouring Redunia is
    preserved another similar stony bank in shape of irregular oval,
    which has 2 km of perimeter, is wide for 3-5 m and high on 0,5 m. In
    1955, the archaeologists have discovered a similar bank to the one
    from Redunia, on Góra Kościuszki. The scientinsts say that these
    banks had no defensive function. As Helena Cehak-Hołubowiczowa
    suggested, most likely in Slavic and Protoslavic reality this object
    was so sacred, that no one from local tribes bothered to attack.
    There is one specific place of cult, a sacred circle on top of Ślęża.
    The second circle surrounds the area, on which stone statue are
    preserved, it is a figure with a fish and a boar. Near a thing that
    most likely was a container for rain water, a plenty of bronze items
    and pieces of pottery were found – which were planted there on
    purpose as part of sacrifice. Probably Ślęża was not only a place
    of cult, but also could have been an agricultural centre – around it
    the relics of settelements and cemeteries were found. Possibly on the
    bottom the markets were organised.

    The statue of a bear, sometimes called
    a boar, was located in Strzegomiany nearby, until the 20th century
    when was moved on top of Ślęża. Below its stomach the sign X is
    visible. What is interesting, it is not the only statue with such
    symbol. Another statue, also considered a bear or a boar (depends on
    the researcher’s opinion) is located in the northern slope of Ślęża
    and has a sign of diagonal cross on its back. Between the villages of
    Garncarskie, Maniowo Wielkie, Florianowo and Wojnarowice, there is a
    statue known as Mnich [Monk] or Kręgiel [(bowling) pin], which is
    sometimes believed to be a phallic sign. Its shape indeed reminds of
    a bowling pin. Previous statue stood on a circular base which was
    ruined. On the top and on the bottom two signs X were visible. Near
    the statue of a bear, and the statue of a monk, there were casts of
    small stones, which were thrown at a statue. The fourth statue is a
    human figure which wears a long robe, and carries a big fish in hand.
    The fish has a sign X on its chine. It was digged near St. Anne
    church in a town Sobótka located near the mount. In neighbouring
    Stary Zamek [Old Castle], in a little church, there was a corner
    build in a stone block with the outline of human leg, also marked
    with diagonal cross. In the Górka abbey, at the feet of Ślęża, a
    rock in shape of cylinder was found – also with X. Similar one was
    found in Będkowice nearby, and a granitic prism – also with an X –
    on the southern slope of Ślęża mount.

    If it would be proven to be truth, that
    Ślęża’s rank is credited to the Celts, the mysterious riddle of X
    sign can be explained. The X is also visible on a pottery and stone
    axes that were discovered during archaeological excavations. Bogusław
    Gierlach explains, that usually this symbol should be connected with
    a Celtic god named Dagdy, sometimes in literature called Smertios,
    which means death. There is also no compromise on whether the found
    statues depict a bear or a boar. Possible presence of the Celts would
    suggest the boar hypothesis. Among the people who came from the
    north, the boar was a personification of the powers of nature, was a
    martial emblem, and later became a symbol of knightry. White boar
    however, was a symbol of the druid class, and meat of this animal was
    consumed during the ritual feasts devoted to the great mother. On the
    other hand, the interpretation of the fish is unclear – it was known
    as a symbol of fertility. We do not know who made these statue. We
    know that the centre existed since early Iron Age, so it should be
    connected with the population that inhabited the region before the
    Slavs.

    Analysing the historical data leads to
    the conclusion, that Ślęża had a role of main sanctuary, uniting
    local Silesian tribes. We still do not know much about it, as most of
    informations are guesses and hypotheses. Maybe with time the
    archeologists will give us more information about this mount,
    important for Pagan culture, but since then we can only assume.
    Without any doubt we can consider it as one of the most important
    relics of Pagan spiritualism – regardless which tribe was the most
    connected to the mount. Who was on top for sure felt how it is to be
    closer to the sky.

    https://www.slawoslaw.pl/slowianskie-miejsca-kultu-gora-sleza/

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