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- November 9, 2012 at 5:42 pm #344699
[tr][td]Centum–satem compared to other general isoglosses in Indo-European daughter languages at about 500 BC.
[tr][td]Blue: Centum languages
[tr][td]Red: Satem languages
[tr][td]Orange: Languages exhibiting augment
[tr][td]Green: Languages exhibiting PIE *-tt- > -ss-
[tr][td]Tan: Languages exhibiting PIE *-tt- > -st-
[tr][td]Pink: Languages in which the instrumental, dative, and ablative plurals, as well as certain singulars and duals, exhibit endings beginning in -m-, rather than the usual *-bh-.
An isogloss—also called a heterogloss (see Etymology below)—is the geographical boundary of a certain linguistic feature, such as the pronunciation of a vowel, the meaning of a word, or use of some syntactic feature. Major dialects are typically demarcated by groups of isoglosses. Here is example found among Indo-European languages and language families. This is interesting for us, since it shows with which languages Slavic family could be grouped.November 9, 2012 at 7:10 pm #402605
This map does not seem to indicate that Balto-Slavic languages are not fully Satem.November 9, 2012 at 7:14 pm #402606
AnonymousQuote:This map does not seem to indicate that Balto-Slavic languages are not fully Satem.
I think this is pretty rough. French language is also partualy Satem. I think they suscribe to theory about Satemization as process, and that Centum languages are not geneticaly related, but just preserved older situatuion.
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