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    [img width=700 height=474]http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/80/JansevCebelnjak1.jpg”/>

    Well since i am beekeeper i have obligation to show you special element in slovene beekeeping tradition called panjska končnica.

    Word panjska comes from word panj which has two meanigs either it can mean ritual log or beehive and word končnica means ending. Ritual panj is not subject of this thread but i will just say that it is similar tradition to badnjak. So panjska končnica means "beehive ending part". Panjska končnica is basicaly picture on beehive. Panjske končnice were either made by farmers themself or by artisans (craftsmen).

    Panjske končnice are pictured on special rectangular shaped boxes the so called panji. These "new" panji meant huge improvement of beekeeping for practical reasons shuch as transporting them on long distances and easier selling of bees to foregin lands. Infact selling of bee families to foreginers especialy germans was very profitable business, much more than selling honey. And new panji were just ideal for that. Thanks to this new invention slovenes became number one exporters of bee families in the world

    However additional reason for selling of bee families on large scale is very good weather and excelent bee breed. Weather is just perfect for bee swarming and this bee breed called Kranjska Čebela (Carniolian honey bee) inherently swarms.

    Example of beehive with panjska končnica;

    Before arival of box shaped panji slovenes were beekeeping in logs or logs carved in shape of a man. But over time beekeeping has improved and evolved. New beehives enabled a beekeeper to easly transport bees in other areas. Logs on other hands couldnt be moved.

    In old times every farmer had beehives and some even had bumblebee hives. However most of them had bees and beehives for pollination not honey. Dose who didnt have bees for honey still used bee logs and logs in shape of man.

    New beehives probably evolved around 17th-18th century, posibly even sooner. They were put in "čebeljnak" which means bee house. This new style of beekeeping was so good that it spreaded into germany and some other lands. Anyway i will give more detailed information about slovene beekeeping in another thread so for now let us focus on panjske končnice.

    Panjske končnice contain interesting themes. Most of surviving panjske končnice are from mid 19th century and majority themes on panjske končnice are religious, humorous, half-historic and usualy decipt everdays life and  fable stories. Here click this link where you will see how beehives and panjske končnice look outside čebelnjak;

    So here are some panjske končnice;

    Two devil's sharpen women's toungue;
    [img width=700 height=318]http://propolis-sana.com/images/frontons/HUDIC_BRUSI_BABI_JEZIK.jpg”/>

    Pilgrim Mary and baby Jesus;
    [img width=700 height=287]http://web.bf.uni-lj.si/jbozic/muzej/konc19l.jpg”/>

    Fox is shaving a hunter. This končnica is funny becouse in slovene language shaving can mean fooling someone. If you say dont shave me then that means dont make fool out of me;
    [img width=700 height=313]http://web.bf.uni-lj.si/jbozic/muzej/konc10l.jpg”/>

    Adam and Eve, notice unicorn on left ;
    [img width=700 height=333]http://web.bf.uni-lj.si/jbozic/muzej/konc24l.jpg”/>

    Sawing a woman on half. That means half of fasting period is over;
    [img width=700 height=315]http://web.bf.uni-lj.si/jbozic/muzej/konc9l.jpg”/>

    Pegam & Lambergar, slovene folk tale;
    [img width=700 height=269]http://web.bf.uni-lj.si/jbozic/muzej/konc4l.jpg”/>

    Snail attacks tailors, snail is not well visible but he is on the right side;
    [img width=700 height=312]http://web.bf.uni-lj.si/jbozic/muzej/konc7l.jpg”/>

    Women's mill where all old grandmas become young ladies;
    [img width=700 height=339]http://kovaceva-domacija.com/start/images/stories/panji/mlin.jpg”/>

    Man's life, picture tell's it all;
    [img width=700 height=338]http://kovaceva-domacija.com/start/images/stories/panji/kriz.jpg”/>

    Another fox is shaving hunter;
    [img width=700 height=337]http://kovaceva-domacija.com/start/images/stories/panji/muzikanti.jpg”/>

    Women's favorite job was to clean up men's trousers;
    [img width=700 height=336]http://kovaceva-domacija.com/start/images/stories/panji/kotel.jpg”/>

    Old slovene stereotype about women was that they are crazy on trouser cleaning. Thats how men got their women in the good old days ;
    [img width=700 height=343]http://kovaceva-domacija.com/start/images/stories/panji/ribic.jpg”/>

    Another hunter's funeral;
    [img width=700 height=336]http://kovaceva-domacija.com/start/images/stories/panji/pogreb.jpg”/>

    To be continued!




    Dobro si razložil



    Dobro si razložil

    Hvala! 8) Sej še nameravam nadaljevat ampak se mi zadnje čase sploh ne da. ;D




    Dobro si razložil

    Hvala! 8) Sej še nameravam nadaljevat ampak se mi zadnje čase sploh ne da. ;D

    Ko gledam te slikce se zmeri spomnim ko sem biu še mulc pa smo šli v eno staro picerijo in so imeli notr te slike. SAm takih pic pa ne delajo več kot so jih oni. Še zdej jo lahko voham MMMM



    So, this topic is about Slovenian panjske končnice, which are basically the front side of a beehive. It's a kind of folk art that has its origins in the areas of Gorenjska and Koroška. Later in time, this tradition spread through most of the Slovene Lands. The oldest končnice date in the middle of the 18th century and the making of them mostly stopped after the end of the first world war.

    [img width=700 height=525]http://www.slovenian-alps.com/en/imagelib/magnify/default/kaj-odkriti/image/radovljica-zirovnica-panjske-koncnice.jpg”/>

    There are cca 600 known different motives and in some 150 years about 50.000končnic were made and added on the beehives. The main function of those končnice was to set apart beehives of different owners so that they couldn't be confused.

    [img width=700 height=336]http://kovaceva-domacija.com/start/images/stories/panji/pogreb.jpg”/>
    The hunter's funeral

    About half of the motives are with religious content though in the first half of the 19th century also secular motives get popular. This includes scenes from historical events, wars, mithology but also scenes from the peasent's daily life. Today,panjske končnice mostly have only a symbolic meaning, reproductions of famous motives can be found as gifts for individuals or as a tourist souvenir.


    The most common motives are
    – the devil grinding a women's tongue
    – a drunken husband returning from the pub
    – the miller and his wife
    – a celebration
    – the devil taking an ugly old woman to the mill and taking out a young, beautiful girl
    – a fox that shaves a hunter
    – the hunter's funeral
    – a husband, carrying his wife on a cross
    – a wife dragging her husband out of the pub


    Some more photos

    [img width=700 height=342]http://slorealie.upce.cz/images/koncnice4.jpg”/>

    [img width=700 height=301]http://web.bf.uni-lj.si/jbozic/muzej/konc3l.jpg”/>
    A motive showing the Holly Alliance

    [img width=700 height=338]http://kovaceva-domacija.com/start/images/stories/panji/kriz.jpg”/>

    [img width=700 height=345]http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Leopold_Layer_-_Pegam_in_Lambergar.jpg”/>
    Lambergar killing Pegam

    [img width=700 height=414]http://www.etno-muzej.si/files/oc/panjske_koncnice/em138.jpg”/>
    From the time of Napoleonic Wars

    [img width=700 height=417]http://www.etno-muzej.si/files/oc/panjske_koncnice/em15763.jpg”/>

    Old woman in, young woman out



    Some more motives.

    [img width=700 height=364]http://www.etno-muzej.si/files/oc/panjske_koncnice/em2360a.jpg”/>






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