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    Anonymous

    The Polish alphabet consists of 32 letters: a, ą, b, c, ć, d, e, ę, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, ł, m, n, ń, o, ó, p, (q), r, s, ś, t, u, (v), w, (x), y, z, ź, ż.

    Vowels:

    These seven letters indicate vowels: a, e, i, o, ó, u, y (the y is never a consonant like in English), however:

      [li]the pronunciation of ó and u is identical,[/li]
      [li]i before a vowel forms an element of a di- or trigraph,[/li]
      [li]i and u can indicate consonantals identical to j and ł (= English y and w respectively) in some words,[/li]

    The three additional letters q, v and x occur only in those non-assimilated foreign words which have preserved their original spelling.

    The order of these 35 letters is essential when you look up words in dictionaries: góra will follow gotyk, because ó is a separate letter, not a variety of the letter o.

    Traditionally we also mention 7 digraphs corresponding to single sounds: ch, cz, dz, dź, dż, rz, sz. However the combinations ci, dzi, gi, ki, ni, si, zi (and with some reservation also bi, fi, mi, pi, wi) have a similar function in some contexts (before a vowel).

    [size=1.35em]Useful links:[/size]


    Grammatical conjugation of word "iść" (to go)

    Przez czasy (by time) i osoby (person) – in Polish we have 3 times:
    [size=1.35em]
    Przeszły (past)
    [/size]

    Liczba pojedyńcza (singular):

    ja (I) – szedłem (was going)
    ty (you) – szedłeś (ware going)
    on (he) – szedł (was going)
    ona (she)- szła (was going)
    ono (it) – szło (was going)

    Liczba mnoga (plural):

    my (we) – szliśmy (ware going)
    wy (you) – szliście (ware going)
    oni (they – masculine) – szli (ware going)
    one (they – femine) – szły (ware going)

    [size=1.35em]Przyszły (future)[/size]

    Liczba pojedyńcza (singular):

    ja (I) – będę szedł (will be going)
    ty (you) – będziesz szedł (will be going)
    on (he) – będzie szedł (will be going)
    ona (she) – będzie szła (will be going)
    ono (it) – będzie szło (will be going)

    Liczba mnoga (plural):

    my (we) – będziemy szli (will be going)
    wy (you) – będziecie szli (will be going)
    oni, one (they – masculine, femine) – będą (wwill be)
    [size=1.35em]
    Teraźniejszy (present)[/size]

    Liczba pojedyńcza (singular):

    ja (I) – idę (go)
    ty (you) – idziesz (are going)
    on, ona, ono (he, she, it) – idzie (is going)

    Liczba mnoga (plural):

    my (we) – idziemy (are going)
    wy (you) – idziecie (are going)
    oni, one (they) – idą (are going)

    [size=1.35em]EXAMPLES:[/size]

    (Ja) idę do szkoły (I go to school.)
    (Ty) idziesz na basen. (You are going to swiming pool.)
    My szliśmy ścieżką. (We ware going on path.)
    Oni będą szli do lasu. (They will be going to the wood.)

    Try yourself

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