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  • #345693

    Anonymous

    Pust (Carnival) is one of the greatest Slovene folk traditions that are still alive today. Pust was ment for the masks to drive out winter, so they had to be a little scary, but also cheezy and sometimes mocking the oposite sex. They differentiate among themselves region to region, even village to village. In this topim I am going to describe some of the most famous and caracteristic Slovene masks.

    The king of Slovene Carnival masks is undoubdly the Kurent, called also Korant by the locals. This mask originates from Slovene Styria, from Dravsko polje near Ptuj to be precise. Kurent was originally a Slovene Slavic god of joy, perhaps even god of sexuality. Through time he became just a spirit that drives out winter when the time for Carnival arrives. There is also a legend about Kurent, I might post it here later … There are two types of Kurents; the feathered Kurent from the village of Markovci and the horned Kurent from the village of Haloze. Back in the days (some 150 years ago) young boys dressed in Kurents went to neighbouring villages and often provoked fights. Since the Kurent wears a "ježevka" (stick with hedgehog spines), they were used in the figts aswell and there were often dead on both sides. So they were prohibited by the government. Today there is an annual festival Kurentovanje in Ptuj a few days around Carnival.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurent

    Kurentovanje 2013 – Lumix GH3

    [img width=700 height=418]http://zlataleta.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/kurent.jpg” />
    Pernati Kurenti (feathered Kurents)

    [img width=405 height=700]http://www.shrani.si/f/J/e8/45ruVGRF/12987445026w1f9p450gmjob.jpg” />
    Rogati Kurent (horned Kurent)

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    Hudič s kurenti (Devil with Kurenti – each group has one Devil)

    image
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    Ježevka (hedgehog stick)

    In Cerkno are is a festival called Laufarija. This festival, which is actually more of a folklore ceremony is quite complicated, so I won't describe it. I can only offer an article, sadly in Slovene language.
    http://sl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laufar
    The main idea is that people of Cerkno convict Pust to death and when he is executed, winter has to leave.

    image
    Laufarji (two Ta terjasta with Pust)

    [img width=700 height=525]http://www.zkds.si/imagelib/big/laufarija/Laufarija-01_960.jpg” />
    Old picture of Laufarji

    [img width=700 height=466]http://tavcarb.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/img_2011_01_23_9999_36_p_c_ss.jpg” />
    Running "Ta terjasta", the most caracteristic figures of Laufarija

    In Premurje are Borovo gostüvanje is often taking place in the time of Carnival. It is believed to be mostly a Slovene Lutheran tradition. If nobody in the village got married, the villagers had their right upon Borovo gostüvanje and make a proper wedding ritual in which they marry someone to a pine tree. Again it is a very complicated ritual, so I'll spare you with all the detaild (unless you want to, then just tell me). If someone can understand Slovene to some degree, here the wiki article about Borovo gostüvanje:
    http://sl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borovo_gost%C3%BCvanje

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    Borovo gostüvanje masks in the procession

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    Bor (pine tree), which will get married

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    more gostüvanje masks

    Also, in Cerknica, in time of Carnival "Butalci" take control over the town. They're stupid (butast – stupid) people, so they make all sorts of monkey business. This tradition is not so old like the others, but is part of the Carnival events, so I posting them too.

    [img width=700 height=525]http://www2.shrani.si/pics/13dldlfm.jpg” />

    [img width=700 height=525]http://www.radiostudent.si/sites/default/files/slike/2013-03-08-napihovanje-mrtvi-niso-mrtvi-butalci-se-vra%C4%8Dajo-12709.jpg” />
    Various Butalci

    This are only a few and the most important Slovene Carnival masks. I will soon post more. I am also open for questions.

    #420683

    Anonymous

    Great thread, Štajerc!  :)

    Since the Kurent wears a "ježevka" (stick with hedgehog spines), they were used in the figts aswell and there were often dead on both sides

    Hah, really? You guys are pretty hardcore. Our kukeri (well, in my village they are known as starci, but the general term used in ethnographic literature is kukeri, since it's present in most of Bulgarian dialects) used to fight with groups from other villages as well, but the general rule was that the fight stops when the first blood is spilled. Of course, sometimes they were angry (and drunk) enough to fight even after that and there were serious injuries, and maybe deaths, but that was a rare case, AFAIK.

    Also, Butalci are extremely funny.  ;D

    #420684

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Great thread, Štajerc!  :)

    Hah, really? You guys are pretty hardcore. Our kukeri (well, in my village they are known as starci, but the general term used in ethnographic literature is kukeri, since it's present in most of Bulgarian dialects) used to fight with groups from other villages as well, but the general rule was that the fight stops when the first blood is spilled. Of course, sometimes they were angry (and drunk) enough to fight even after that and there were serious injuries, and maybe deaths, but that was a rare case, AFAIK.

    Also, Butalci are extremely funny.  ;D

    By tradition, Kurent can be only an unmarried local boy. It was considered a great shame if anyone took the Kurent's mask of his head. If a Kurent dances around a young woman, she must give him her handkerchief and tie it on the lower end of the ježevka. If not, the Kurent can get really naughty and angry. ;) In the past groups of Kurenti were wandering across the whole Dravsko polje and there was big rivalry among individual groups. If they met it often came to a fight where everything possible was used; a true avfbiks (see thread in Slovene section) and since they had already ježevke in their hands they also used them. Like I said, the biggest shame was if someone took the Kurents mask and bells. So some even had guns with them to prevent such a thing happen. That is also the reason why kurentovanje was sometimes prohibited.

    These fights inspired Franc Mihelič to make his painting "Mrtvi Kurent" in 1938
    [img width=700 height=486]http://razume.mg-lj.si/thumb.php?fotoid=14380/&width=820″ />

    Otherwise, ježevka is a symbol of fertility.

    I found a legend how Christianity put Kurent in its own tradition. It is said that Jesus subjected the Kurent by turning him into a calf for seven years and gave him into breeding. In all this time the nature was fertile. When Jesus came to take him back after seven years, the calf was being despised by others. He saved the Kurent and this day was supposed to be shrove tuesday (pustni torek).

    image
    On this picture the handkerchiefs on the ježevka are pretty good visible

    #420685

    Anonymous

    I must apologize for opening this thread, I forgot Carniolan made already a similar one time before … Feel kinda ashamed now …

    Still, I shall continue here, since it's actual now. In Carniolans thread more info about the actual Carnival and the rituals can be found – I'm focusing more on the particular masks here. The secific Carnival of Resian Slovenes (from Val Resia in Italy) is described there very good. Please, check it out

    http://forum.slavorum.com/index.php/topic,3108.0.html

    #420686

    Anonymous

    Aha, so the fights were actually motivated. Thanks for the elaborate explanation.  :)

    #420687

    Anonymous

    No problem, questions are welcome. :)

    #420688

    Anonymous

    That looks like a lot of fun. Do you participate, Stajerc?

    #420689

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    That looks like a lot of fun. Do you participate, Stajerc?

    Hehe, of course not. ;D It's mostly the locals who maintain those traditions, at least for Laufarija and Borovo gostüvanje. More and more often also various folks dress into Kurents, but I believe this should be reserved only for the locals. And since I don't live in Dravsko polje, I shall not be a Kurent. ;)

    #420690

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    I must apologize for opening this thread, I forgot Carniolan made already a similar one time before … Feel kinda ashamed now …
    http://forum.slavorum.com/index.php/topic,3108.0.html

    Nonsense, they are two different threads, with different info. It would have probably been better if only one thread about Slovenian masks was opened, though. Mods can merge my thread into yours, if they consider it necessary.

    Nice thread, the stuff about Butalci is new to me.

    #420691

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Nonsense, they are two different threads, with different info. It would have probably been better if only one thread about Slovenian masks was opened, though. Mods can merge my thread into yours, if they consider it necessary.

    Nice thread, the stuff about Butalci is new to me.

    Glad you're not anygry. :D Yes, it could iventually be also merged into one with a suitable title.

    Yah, Butalci are traditional by now in Cerknica and I plan on posting some stuff about those guys who lash with whipes (idk yet how they're called, but they're often seen here on pust).

    #420692

    Anonymous

    image

    Does anyone of the Slovene members here know how these guys with the whips are called? I forgot it … They're common in Styria on pust.

    #420693

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Does anyone of the Slovene members here know how these guys with the whips are called? I forgot it … They're common in Styria on pust.

    Aren't they orači?

    #420694

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Aren't they orači?

    No, I don't think so. Orači usually pull some wagon behind them …

    Oh, I just found it, silly me! They're called pokači. All they do is walking around and popping with their whips. Thay always wear a blue "šircl" over their folk costumes. The popping should also banish the winter, similar as the loud sunds of the Kurents' bells. They're common here. At your place too?

    image

    image

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