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  • #343711

    Anonymous

    Russian lacquer art developed from the art of icon painting which came to an end with the collapse of Imperial Russia. The icon painters, who previously had been employed by supplying not only churches but people's homes, needed a way to make a living. Thus, the craft of making papier-mâché decorative boxes and panels developed, the items were lacquered and then hand painted by the artists, often with scenes from folk tales.

    The four centers of Russian lacquer art

    The village of Fedoskino (Федоскино), located not far from Moscow on the banks of the Ucha River, is the oldest of the four art centers of Russian lacquer miniature painting on papier-mâché, which has been practiced there since 1795. It stands apart both geographically, and in that that oil paints are used rather than egg tempera. While allowing the artist a free hand in impressionistic interpretation, the style of Fedoskino painting is largely realistic in composition and detail.

    Fedoskino miniature (Russian: федоскинская миниатюра) is a traditional Russian lacquer miniature painting on papier-mache, named after its original center Fedoskino (Федоскино), an old village near Moscow widely known from the late 18th century. The contemporary Fedoskino painting preserves the typical features of Russian folk art.

    The use of oil paint, typically applied in many layers, is a distinctive feature of a Fedoskino miniature, as well as the use of mother-of-pearl, puregold or silver leaf under segments of the background to create the effect of a shimmering glow or silvery sparkle. Many boxes are painted inside and outside in imitation tortoise-shell, birch bark, mahogany or tartan.

    The heyday of Fedoskino miniature fell on the second half of the 19th century, and the works of that time are known as 'lukutins', named after the merchants Lukutins, who owned the Fedoskino factory at that time. Some of the factory craftsmen had artistic education, and lots of them had come from icon painting studios.

    The popular motifs used in Fedoskino miniature are all sorts of tea-drinking with samovar, troikas (carriage-and-three), and scenes from Russian peasant life.

    source: Wikipedia

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    http://www.liveinternet.ru/users/sasha_keselman/post127501191/

    http://www.bro-shka.ru/index.php?cPath=33_53

    http://www.artrusse.ca/russian/Fedoskino_rus.htm

    #390662

    Anonymous

    Fedoskino Miniature by Michael Shelukhin :

    http://wim101.blogspot.ro/2011/05/fedoskino-miniature-by-michael.html

    [img width=521 height=700]http://i2.2photo.ru/7/2/382399.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=500]http://i2.2photo.ru/d/2/382405.jpg” />

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    [img width=520 height=700]http://i1.2photo.ru/g/2/382408.jpg” />

    #390663

    Anonymous

    Palekh miniature

    Palekh miniature (Russian: Палехская миниатюра) is a Russian folk handicraft of miniature painting, which is done with tempera paints on varnished articles made of papier-mâché (small boxes, cigarette and powder cases etc.).

    Palekh Russian lacquer art on papier-mâché first appeared in 1923 in the village of Palekh, located in the district of (Ivanovo Oblast), and is based on a long local history of icon painting. This handicraft and style of miniature painting bore different names throughout its development, such as the Palekh Artel of Ancient Painting (since 1924), Palekh Artists’ Association (since 1932), and Artistic Production Workshops of the Artistic Fund of the USSR (since 1953).

    The technology of making a semi-finished product was borrowed from the lacquer handicraft masters of Fedoskino (see Fedoskino miniature). The Palekh miniatures usually represent characters from real life, literary works, fairy tales, bylinas, and songs. They are painted with local bright paints over the black background and are known for their delicate and smooth design, abundance of golden shading, and accurate silhouettes of flattened figures, which often cover the surface of the lids and sides of the articles completely. Poetic magic of the Palekh characters, decorativeness of landscapes and architecture, and elongated proportions of the figures go back to the icon-painting traditions. The miniatures are usually set off with a complicated pattern made with gold dissolved in aqua regia. Palekh is the most renowned of four such famous villages, the others being Kholuy, Mstera, and Fedoskino, each producing similar, but clearly distinct artistic style.

    The art of miniature painting is still alive today. Nowadays there are workshops of the Artistic Fund of Russia, as well as small private studios and independent artists in Palekh. Palekh miniature artists are trained at the Palekh Art College founded in 1935.

    Works by Palekh masters are kept in numerous museums of Russia and abroad. The State Palekh Art Museum in Palekh boasts the biggest miniature painting collection, comprising over two thousand works.

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    http://www.liveinternet.ru/users/masyanova/post112179878/

    http://clover.slavic.pitt.edu/tales/images.html

    #390664

    Anonymous

    Kholuy miniature

    A Kholuy miniature is a Russian folk handicraft of miniature painting, made with tempera on a varnished box of papier-mâché. This form of Russian lacquer art is produced exclusively by students of the Kholuy school, a rural settlement in Ivanovo Oblast.

    The Kholuy school of icon painting was founded in 1883. The school continued the local handicraft of icon painting known since the 16th century, but after the Russian Revolution the icon painting workshops were closed. In the 1930s, a group of artists formed an association to open a workshop for miniature lacquer art, and a new school was opened in 1943. Subjects for Kholuy miniatures vary from Russian fairy tales (e.g. Snowmaiden) to cities. Kholuy miniatures seem to be less bounded by tradition than the boxes from Palekh, Fedoskino and Mstyora.

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    <img alt="image" src="http://i.ebayimg.com/t/K111-Russian-Art-Kholuy-Kholui-Lacquer-Miniature-Box-Firebird-/00/s/NzAwWDQ4MA==/$(KGrHqN,!h0E6HQpQFj7BOmgjZtLFg~~60_3.JPG” />

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    http://www.liveinternet.ru/users/masyanova/post112179878/

    #390665

    Anonymous

    Mstyora (or Mstera) miniature (Russian: Мстёрская миниатюра) is a Russian folk handicraft of miniature painting, which is done with tempera paints on varnished articles mostly made of papier-mâché.

    Mstyora miniatures appeared in the settlement of Mstyora (in modern Vladimir Oblast) in the early 20th century on the basis of a local tradition of icon-painting. In 1923, Mstyora painters formed an artel called Ancient Russian Folk Painting (Древнерусская народная живопись), renamed Proletarian Art (Пролетарское искусство) in 1931. This artel was turned into a factory in 1960. The Mstyora painting technology was borrowed from the Palekh artists.

    Mstyora miniatures usually represent characters from real life, folklore, and literary and historical works. Warmth and gentleness of colors, depth of landscape backgrounds (often with blue dales in the back), small size and squatness of human figurines, and subtlety of framing pattern done in gold are typical.

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    [img width=636 height=700]http://i.ebayimg.com/t/Russian-Art-Mstera-Mstyora-Lacquer-Miniature-Box-M111-/00/s/NzcwWDcwMA=$(KGrHqFHJBME63Uw1g5PBO1r4+imZ!~~60_3.JPG” />

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    http://www.liveinternet.ru/users/masyanova/post112179878/

    http://galinaspaintings.blogspot.ro/search/label/Mstyora

    #390666

    Anonymous

    Spasibo, Al locului!
    Beautiful thread, I'll try to add anything bit later.

    #390667

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Spasibo, Al locului!
    Beautiful thread, I'll try to add anything bit later.

    I'm glad you like it. And your contribution will be very useful; I don't know Russian and because of this I'm sure that I missed many paintings, so I'm counting on your initiative :).

    #390668

    Anonymous

    Also different examples of Palech art:


    [img width=700 height=422]http://www.rustypennies.com/catalog/pix/bh110.jpg” />

    [img width=700 height=523]http://russia-direct.net/25290.4.jpg” />

    [img width=700 height=663]http://i.ebayimg.com/t/Artist-Signed-Miniature-Palekh-Russian-Lacquer-Box-1991-Scene-Lid-Around-/00/s/MTIwNlgxMjcz/$%28KGrHqV,!h0E9R%29%28t4GKBPcQlsVhIQ~~60_57.JPG” />

    [img width=700 height=700]http://media.liveauctiongroup.net/i/10756/11270156_1.jpg?v=8CE4EA5041F0210″ />

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    [img width=700 height=543]http://img15.nnm.ru/b/d/6/a/8/a866def16b9aff07b3cf05d2d08.jpg” />

    [img width=700 height=512]http://i.allday.ru/uploads/posts/2009-07/1247991933_paleh-58.jpg” />

    [img width=700 height=557]http://www.kindking.ru/wp-content/uploads/%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%852.jpg” />

    Some old example.  Гулянка в деревне. Портсигар. 1927 год:

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    Гусляр. Пудреница. 1932 год.

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    «Есть на Волге утес». Шкатулка. 1935 год:

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    Сказка о золотом петушке. Шкатулка. 1934 год:

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    Сказка о царе Салтане. Ларец.1934 год:

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    Сказка о золотом петушке. Шкатулка. 1992 год.:

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    Волга — русская река. Шкатулка. 1943 год:

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    Палех. Пластина:

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    Журавль и цапля. Шкатулка. 1941 год:

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    Чичиков у Коробочки. Шкатулка. 1936 год:

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    Бой Челубея с Пересветом. Шкатулка. 1945 год:

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    Слово о полку Игореве. Крышка ларца. 1956 год:

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    Всадник на белом коне. Тарелка. 1984 год:

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    Русский лен. Шкатулка. 1974 год:

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    Зима. Шкатулка. 1972 год:

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    Охота. Шкатулка. 1989 год:

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    Сказка об Иване-царевиче и сером волке. Ларец. 1984 год:

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    Свадьба. Ларец. 1994 год:

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    "Лето". Шкатулка:

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    Цветы. Шкатулка:

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    Тройка. Шкатулка:

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    "Детство". Шкатулка:

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    Source:http://nnm.ru/blogs/bear12345/palehskaya_lakovaya_miniatyura

    and of course Palech matryoshka ;D

    [img width=477 height=700]http://tmora.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Matryoshka-Palekh-Style.jpg” />

    [img width=465 height=700]http://www.lavka-podarkov.ru/upload/iblock/c56/1%20_DSC0041_full.jpg” />

    [img width=465 height=700]http://www.lavka-podarkov.ru/upload/iblock/776/1%20_DSC0068_full.jpg” />

    #390669

    Anonymous

    Definitely Palekh miniature is my favorite center. The 15th picture that you posted is my favorite.

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