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    Brief summary about the Sintashta culture.

    – The culture is 3,600-4,800 years old located in southern Ural, Russia.
    – The oldest chariot in the world was found in this culture
    – There were horse sacrifices . Archaeologists found up to 8 horse in a single grave.
    – Many copper and bronze weapons with silver and gold ornaments were found on the site.
    – One vessel had swastika symbol.

    This is a typical description of proto-Indo-European culture. Some people prefer to call Proto-Indo-Europeans Aryans. But I think the term has been misused. I’d rather call those people proto-Indo-Europeans. : https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Sintashta

    Few weeks ago a study on autosomal DNA was published in 101 samples from different periods of times and cultures from across Eurasia including two sample from Sintashta culture were used. The DNA samples were released to the public. The paper is called Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia : http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v522/n7555/full/nature14507.html

    Some people ran ADMIXTURE K7 run for the Sintashta samples. Many people including myself had results for Admixture k7. So the results were plotted on PCA graph to see who are similar to the samples from Sintashta.

    I came close to Sintashta samples. ) People in the nearby regions such as north-western Russians, north-eastern eastern Poles, , south-eastern Lithuanians will be similar to those early Indo-Europeans from the Sintashta too.

    Some suggested there may have been a migrations from forest-steppe zone of Ukraine in westward and eastwards directions. On in central and western Europe and another in towards Ural in ancient times.

    Anyway , this is the map. Full map : https://www.dropbox.com/s/piapvggffc4tru1/Sintashta2.pdf?dl=0

    I am labelled as Rugevit on this map .



    I forgot to mention Sintashta’s Y-DNA is R1a1a1b2, which is an Indo-Iranian branch.



    Corded Ware samples also look similar to north-eastern Slavs and Poles. Corded Ware people arrived to central from the East by the look of it. Most of them are R1a1 being most similar north-eastern Europeans on autosomal DNA.

    Comments by Polako

    Bad asses of the Bronze Age: Analysis of Andronovo, Battle-Axe, Corded Ware and Sintashta genomes – part one http://polishgenes.blogspot.com/2015/06/bad-asses-of-bronze-age-analysis-of.html



    Ancient genomes will shed more light on the origins of ancient people. There was much nonsense written over the years by some academics such as people of Sintashta came to the steppes of southern Ural from Iran or Syria.



    PCA with modern and ancient samples





    ^Reconstruction of people of Sintashta.  PS I really believe these may have been ancestors of Slavs given genetic and anthropologic evidence.



    After researching I don’t think Sintashta people are ancestors of Slavs. People of Sintashta and ancestors of Slavs share common ancestors who lived 5,000 years ago in Yamna culture. Some people migrated west and north (who became ancestors of Slavs), while others migrated east to Sintashta (relatives of ancestors of the Slavs).



    But genetic resemblance of Sintashta people who lived 4,500 years ago and modern day Slavs , particular east Slavs and Poles is striking.

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