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  • #344842

    Anonymous

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    Paper cutout. Wycinanki (pronounced Vee-chee-nan-key) / Polish folk art paper cutouts are known through out the world as a beautiful craft. They have a distinctive look and are made by hand in rural regions of Poland.

    Multiple layers of colored paper are folded, cut, and sometimes embossed to create stylized patterns. The complexity of the designs is created by repeating symmetrical patterns and folk motifs inspired by nature and geometric shapes. Folk Paper Cutouts come in different sizes.

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    Wycinanki became a popular folk craft in the mid-1800's and were used by Polish peasants to decorate the walls of ceiling beams in countryside cottages and they were given as gifts to family members and friends. A form of decoupage, the intricate designs were cut with the scissors and affixed to whitewashed walls and wooden beams to achieve a cheerful appearance.

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    Today in Poland there are some people who still make wycinanki, but they are used as a gifts only. The colorful cutouts of flowers, circles, roosters and stars with a symmetrical arrangement reflect a particularly high level of folk art artistry. Polish "wycinanki" are in a vast variety of colors and shapes of peacocks, roosters and other birds, as well as a variety of rural scenes. Sometimes they are used for occasions such as Christmas. They also look great when framed. They remain a treasured form of Polish folk art.

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    They are very colorful and come from the different region of Poland. Wycinanki of a particular region can be easily identified by looking at the design.

    Wycinanki vary by region. For example, wycinanki created in the Kurpie region are typically all one color, while wycinanki from the Łowicz region are multicolored. Techniques include cutting, clipping, punching, tearing, and carving of paper, as well as nalepianki in which multiple layers are glued together.

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    Subject matter includes peacocks, roosters, and other birds; circular or star-shaped medallions (gwiazdy); flowers; and annual holidays such as Easter and Christmas. In some towns and villages competitions evolved to create the most beautiful wycinanki. Traditionally done for relaxation in rural Poland, the techniques were passed down through generations, with new themes and ideas developing as the papercuttings became more detailed and intricate.

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    The Polish Pavilion at the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai is based on a wycinanki design.

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    [img width=700 height=438]http://static.worldarchitecturenews.com/news_images/14019_2_PolishPavilion3.jpg”/>

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    Sources:
    Source #1
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    #406223

    Anonymous

    Gallery of Łowicz-style wycinanki

    Łowicz folk art has always distinguished from other regions of Poland riches and vitality. It is still held up by hand made: richly decorated folk’s dresses, je.welery contained corals and ambers, the flowers bouquet made with blotting paper and wool, paper cut-outs and probably the only one in all over the world – “spiders”. All of them make Łowicz famous thanks their riches and vitality.

    Unknown kind of art in other parts of the world includes colourful paper cuts flowers or scenes taken from a daily life work in field, play, elements of wedding clothes and ceremony. It’s actually genuinely spontaneous creation of country peoples spiritual life.
    You can hand it up or stick on the wall or put it anywhere you wish.

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    Paper cuts are divided into three groups:


      [li]round – called “Gwiozdy” because of their shape of star,
      [/li]
      [li]rectangular – called “Kodry” – usually they present scenes of life,
      [/li]
      [li]vertical – called “Tasiemki” because of their shape of laces.[/li]

    Sources:
    Source #1
    Source #2
    Source #3

    #406224

    Anonymous

    Kodry

    "Kodry" – oblong belts were hung on the beams under ceilings and some broader ones between the windows or above the doors leading to the pantries. The most frequent themes presented on them were weddings and dances, less common were the scenes from everyday life.

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    [img width=700 height=228]http://www.miastaogrody.pl/wp-content/gallery/exotic-poland/kodra-cala-www.jpg” />

    [img width=700 height=318]http://www.powiat.lowicz.pl/grafika,3113,-.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=524]http://www.polskiekrajobrazy.pl/images/stories/big/114329DSCF.JPG” />

    [img width=700 height=354]http://wiano.eu/images/pictures/0003400/0003393.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=320]http://folkstar.pl/photos/products/1044/d6ca165815b5926569039e97d35db798.jpg” />

    [img width=700 height=322]http://folkstar.pl/photos/products/1045/e99f5c3e2d223780f04739c844ef8be2.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=399]http://www.ludowomi.pl/upload/produkty/8/800-600-d9eae95d252ff1bbdfa926d58e93a67a.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=300]http://www.edd2012.pl/image/o/1941.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=392]http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-yWqCR9kZDdc/UEcA1AxDaZI/AAAAAAAAA1E/rNCIBxjRME0/s1600/skanowanie0001.jpg” />

    #406225

    Anonymous

    Gwiozdy

    Circular cut-outs placed on the beams between "kodry". They contained floral motifs, bunches of flowers or pot plants. Their edges resembled snow flakes due to the irregular cuts and open-work. Sometimes they contained colourful birds facing each other.

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    [img width=700 height=696]http://muzeumlowicz.pl/img/galleries/wystawy_czas/Helena%20Rze%C5%9Bna,%20%C5%81owicz,%202009,%20w%C5%82asno%C5%9B%C4%87%20Muzeum%20w%20%C5%81owiczu.jpg” />

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    #406226

    Anonymous

    Tasiemki

    "Tasiemki" – two vertical stripes of paper with identical decorations were hung on the walls between pictures. They had glossy background and floral vertical patterns. The bottom part was lace-like or had fringes. In the 200 year long history of Łowicz paper cut-outs there were many skillful and gifted craftsmen or rather craftswomen who introduced new fashions in their production and who had disciples and followers. The skill of cut-out making is still alive in Łowicz region. There are many people who produce them but not as cottage decorations any more but as souvenirs willingly bought by tourists.

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    [img width=525 height=700]http://wiano.eu/images/pictures/0008800/0008765.jpg” />

    [img width=495 height=700]http://wiano.eu/images/pictures/0008800/0008762.jpg” />

    [img width=401 height=700]http://wiano.eu/images/pictures/0006800/0006679.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=525]http://www.bolimow.pl/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/P4262437.JPG” />

    #406227

    Anonymous

    "Spiders" – Pająki

    Another typical of the region decoration of cottages were "spiders" hung in the middle of the ceiling. The oldest type was called "świat" (globe) and was made from a clay ball and stuck into it straws with colourful ribbons at the end. The straws sticking out of the ball resembled a spider hence the name. Other "spiders" could be produced from crepe paper or wool.

    [img width=700 height=463]http://wiano.eu/images/pictures/0012200/0012096.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=626]http://s3.flog.pl/media/foto/1613866_lowicki-pajak.jpg” />

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    [img width=700 height=466]http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-R_7uf2RhLjE/T61QTgQuDOI/AAAAAAAABqc/x4CoI5ckSJg/s1600/Srom%25C3%25B3w%2Bpaj%25C4%2585ki.jpg” />

    #406228

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Polish folk art – Paper Cutout / Wycinanki

    We have similar tradition in Ukraine and Belarus. In Belarus the tradition has been forgotten in the last 50 years or so. IMHO Poland has better examples of wonderful paper-cut arts. I will search for some pieces from Belarus later.

    Thanks for starting this topic.

    #406229

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    We have similar tradition in Ukraine and Belarus. In Belarus the tradition has been forgotten in the last 50 years or so. IMHO Poland has better examples of wonderful paper-cut arts. I will search for some pieces from Belarus later.

    Thanks for starting this topic.

    Thanks. I am very curious how paper cutouts from Belarus and other Slavic countries look like  :)

    #406230

    Anonymous

    We have also pagan cutouts :)

    [img width=525 height=700]http://rodzimawiara.org.pl/images/joomgallery/details/inspiracje_3/inspiracje_-_malarstwo_i_grafika_11/bartosz_grabowski_26/bartosz_grabowski_20120808_1041412511.jpg” />

    [img width=503 height=700]http://rodzimawiara.org.pl/images/joomgallery/details/inspiracje_3/inspiracje_-_malarstwo_i_grafika_11/bartosz_grabowski_26/bartosz_grabowski_20120808_1496573168.jpg” />

    [img width=525 height=700]http://rodzimawiara.org.pl/images/joomgallery/details/inspiracje_3/inspiracje_-_malarstwo_i_grafika_11/bartosz_grabowski_26/bartosz_grabowski_20120808_1278187214.jpg” />

    I recommend more of Bartosz Grabowski:
    http://rodzimawiara.org.pl/galeria/inspiracje/inspiracje/inspiracje-malarstwo-i-grafika/bartosz-grabowski.html?page=1#category

    #406231

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    We have also pagan cutouts :)

    [img width=503 height=700]http://rodzimawiara.org.pl/images/joomgallery/details/inspiracje_3/inspiracje_-_malarstwo_i_grafika_11/bartosz_grabowski_26/bartosz_grabowski_20120808_1496573168.jpg” />

    Bartosz Grabowski's cutout is a copy of Stanisław Jakubowski's woodcut 'Dażboh' 

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    #406232

    Anonymous

    These peices are from Belarus
    Source: http://artschool.brest.by

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    #406233

    Anonymous
    #406234

    Anonymous
    #406235

    Anonymous

    Polish Paper Cutouts:

    [img width=700 height=566]http://s24.postimg.org/g04h45qwl/P1080376.jpg” />

    [img width=700 height=525]http://s22.postimg.org/w1gd2ug69/P1080378.jpg” />

    #406236

    Anonymous
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