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  • #341634

    Anonymous

    bronze_colowrat_kolovrat_colowrath_slavic_russian_symbol_pendant_b-660x330.jpg

    SLAVIC SYMBOLISM – Many more Symbols are used in Slavic Countries for different Gods.
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    #349872

    Anonymous

    Agricultural calendars (menologion) embroidered on the women's aprons. The end of 19 th century from Kargopol. Image in larger resolution.

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    Apron. Kargopol museum.

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    Circle – 'month'(moon). A fragment from the apron. Kargopol museum

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    The end of the towel by F.A.Novozhilova. Der. river 

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    The lower part of the apron. Moscow textile museum.

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    Detailed representation of the 'month' from the apron. Moscow textile museum. Image in larger resolution.
    The arab numbers represent the symbols on the calendar (see detailed description below). The roman numbers represent the months of the year.

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    Description of the symbols represented on the picture above using Arab number. Use google translator.

    Code:
    Круг с крестом внутри:
    3. 1/III — На Евдокию курочка из лужицы напьется, на Николу конь (коровушка) травы наестся. Через дорогу несет снег — все корма выдует (весна будет затяжная. — Г. Д.).
    6. 17/III — Снег на Олексеея — пашня на Николу.
    8. 25/III — Не запаздывай с севом: прозеваешь — хлеб потеряешь. На благовещение ветер с Севера подует — к морю поезжай (весна будет затяжная. — Г. Д). Дует Севрьик — не жди тепла до Петрова дня (пашня на Николу не поспеет). На благовещение снег стаял с крыш, на Егория стает и с полей.
    9. 1/IV — Марья, зажги снега, заиграй овражки.
    12. 23/IV — Егорий на белом коне (снег еще не сошел с полей — Г. Д.) — к неурожаю, на черном — к урожаю. На Егория до обеда плохая погода — первая половина сенокоса и страды будет хорошей, вторая — плохой.
    17. С 3 на 4/VI — в канун дня Митрофана (бывший Ярилин день) замечают, откуда ветер дует: с полудня — хороший рост яровому, с севера — «ржи дождями заливаться».
    21. 20/VII — Илья лето кончает, рожь зажинает.
    28. 14/IX — воздвиженье, последняя копна с поля.
    29. 25/IX — первый снег на Сергия — зима на Михайлов день (8/XI).
    30. 1/Х — покров землю покроет. Ветер с востока — зима холодная.
    31. 10/Х — на Евлампия рога месяца указывают, откуда быть ветру: на полночь — к скорой зиме, снег ляжет посуху, на полдень — быть грязи до самой казанской (22/Х).
    37. 12/XII — Спиридон-Солнцеворот.

    Петельки:
    1. 24/ I — метель на Аксинью — весь корм вывеет (весна будет затяжной. — Г. Д.). Озимое зерно пролежало в земле половину срока.
    2. 2/II — сретение. Какова погода на сретение — такова и весна.
    13. 1/V — На Еремея погоже — и уборка хлеба пригожа. Еремей — засеватель. Овес сея — проси Еремея. (2/V — Борис и Глеб — сею хлеб, начало ярового сева).
    15. 18/V — придет Федот, земля примется за свой род.
    18. 24/VI — на Иван день — цвет, на Ильин день — рожь.
    19. 29/VI — на Петров день — красное лето, зеленый покос.
    20. 8/VII — на казанскую — разгар покоса.
    22. 1/VIII — первый спас. За три дня до первого спаса начинают сев озимой ржи: «Сей рожь в золу (сухую, теплую землю) — будет в пору».
    23. 6/VIII — второй спас. Лучшим временем для посева озимых считается период между первым и вторым спасами.
    24. 15—16/VIII — успенье — третий спас. До Петрова дня вспахать, до Ильина заборонить, до спасова посеять.
    32. 22/Х — на казанскую небо дождем заплачет — зима следом пойдет.
    36. 6/ХII — иней на Николу — к урожаю.
    38. 25/ХII — если лес окружавел (заиндевел) — год будет урожайный. На святки метель — будет помеха ржи в цвету.

    Петельки на ножке:
    4. 4/III — Герасим-Грачевник первых вешних птиц на Русь ведет.
    16. 21/V — на мать Елену лен сею. Паши паренину до обеда — после поздно будет.

    Спирали:
    14. 9/V — Никола засеваха и отсеваха. Никола в севе и отсеве.
    25. 18/VIII — сей озими до Флора. Не отсеешь — родятся хлоры (цветы).

    Сердцевидные значки:
    5. 8/III — Озимые посевы полгода как взошли.
    10. 8/IV — на Родиона встреча солнца с месяцем. (10/IV — если на Терентия солнышко красное в туманной дымке, быть году хлебородному. Ясное солнце — перепахивай озимое поле и засевай яровым).
    26. 8/IX — озимое поле к этому времени должно покрыться всходами — «красиками».
    34. Конец октября — снег ложится в зиму и прикрывает озимые посевы.

    See more information in the article written by Gennady Durasov (24.08.1945). Gennady Durasov is a collector of Russian folk art, ethnologist and Orthodox hagiographer. He is the author several books and many articles.

    It's interesting how an agricultural calendar embroidered on an apron can contain so much information.

    #349873

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    The cover of Polish book published in 1903…

    The same symbol with four interlocking rings forming a cross in the middle is found on "Teremok-shaped Chest" made of ivory. Early 18th century, Kholmogory, northern Russia. The chest is held in St. Petersburg folk-art musuem.

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    According to many different Russian sources, this is Slavic wedding talisman or "Оберег Свадебник".

    #349874

    Anonymous

    Try to contribute:

    [img width=700 height=372]http://www.gerb.bel.ru/pages/russia/img/r_ivan3_3.gif”/>

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    (Russian North)

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    (Middle ages)

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    (Ratniki on the rings)

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    [img width=700 height=400]http://www.gerb.bel.ru/pages/russia/img/r_ludovik_3.gif”/>

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    (Ancient Russian coins)

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    #349875

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Try to contribute:

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    (Russian North)

    This is from Mezenskaya Rospis’ which we discussed on the [url=http://forum.slavorum.com/index.php/topic,132.msg56174.html#msg56174[/url]previous page[/url]. Some of the oldest symbols are found in this folk-art. I saw guides describing the symbols from this arts. The page you put provides only a short description of the symbols which also includes Triskele symbol we discussed in another topic.

    Thanks for your contribution.    :)

    #349876

    Anonymous

    Finally I've found something to contribute to the marvelous thread =]
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    A collection of slavic pagan pendants:
    Perun’s Axe (based on archaeological findings dating between 11th and 12th century Novgorod)
    Perun’s Axe, second version (dating 10th century).
    Mokosh amulet
    Bird Lunula, also called Lunitsa, crescent moon shaped pendant worn only by women (reproduction of one found in 8th century burial in Nitra-Lupka, Poland)

    #349877

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Finally I've found something to contribute to the marvelous thread =]

    Thanks for your contribution. Nice finds.

    #349878

    Anonymous

    Odessa musuem,  Chernyahov Culture (II-IV centuries) and Kievan Rus (X – XIII centuries): pagan Lunnitsas (Crescent-Shaped Pendants)

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    Silver temple ring, Vyatichi, 12th century

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    Ox and seven girls 9-12th century. Burial mound of Radzimichi, (Gomel' region, Belarus)

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    Rusalki, banks of Dnieper River, 12th century

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    Rusalka on shot-box of Metropolitan (Bishop), 14th century

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    Vessel found in village Vijskove, Banks of Dnieper River, 4th century

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    Distaffs. I put several examples of these pieces in other topics. They are common.

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    [img width=506 height=700]http://s13.postimage.org/p2qnse7yv/Prjalka154.jpg”/>

    [img width=700 height=470]http://s13.postimage.org/3uczaythz/Prjalka155.jpg”/>

    [img width=700 height=458]http://s13.postimage.org/a9c07n07r/Prjalka156.jpg”/>

    Kostroma, Museum of wooden architecture

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    Suzdal' city

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    #349879

    Anonymous

    Lunula is symbol of womanhood connected with Goddess Mokosz and fertility. What is interesting lunula name is derived from mood and it has a lunar shape but it's not connected with God of the Moon – Chors. Probably it about connections between menstruation (thus with fertility) and Moon phases. Lunulas are characteristic for Slavish culture.

    #349880

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Lunula is symbol of womanhood connected with Goddess Mokosz and fertility.

    Is Mokosz a common deity in Polish folklore?

    #349881

    Anonymous

    I saw the symbol below many times thinking it may be a recent invention. The symbol is on a bracelet from old Ryazan' (Vyatichi settlement), 13th century. The symbol is probably common to other regions of Rus' . People named the symbol as "the Star of Rus' ". Historian and archeologist Boris Rybakov did not name the symbol as such in his book "Paganism in ancient Rus' "

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    The bracelet from Old Ryazan' 13th century

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    #349882

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    Is Mokosz a common deity in Polish folklore?

    In Polish folklore Gods a no more present. Their role was taken by saints. So Mokosz become Mary, mother of Jesus, Weles become St. Nikola, Perun become St. George. Mokosz is present only in pagan folklore now.

    #349883

    Anonymous
    Quote:
    In Polish folklore Gods a no more present. Their role was taken by saints. So Mokosz become Mary, mother of Jesus, Weles become St. Nikola, Perun become St. George. Mokosz is present only in pagan folklore now.

    It’s similar to other Slavic cultures. I thought Mokocz or her Christian incarnations may have been common to eastern Slavs only. I usually read about Perun, Veles, Triglav, Lada in other Slavic mythologies. Mokocz is seldom mentioned.

    #349884

    Anonymous

    Mokosz is especially mentioned and prised during Jare Gody ceremony (that is Spring equinox) when She become impregnate by Peruns lighting. Fertilization is symbolized by sticking wooden penis into ground.

    #349885

    Anonymous

    The pictures are taken from the book "Paganism in ancient Rus'" written by historian and archeologist Boris Rybakov

    Embroidery: Temple of Mokosh . Mokosh is in the middle, on each side of Mokosh are riders or Lada & Lelya.

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    Yasher is the underworld ruler that survived in Belarusian and Russian folklore till 19th century.Medieval fibulas depict men whose arms are changing into swans' necks. The bottom parts of the fibulae depict the head of 'yashers' . For detailed description see the text.

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    The heads of "yashery" found on houses and scoop handles in Novgorod 10-11th century.

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    Bronze arch found in Briansk, Russia, 12th century. The region is near the borders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine.

    [img width=700 height=607]http://s11.postimage.org/nepzsqiub/rbydr58.jpg”/>

    Yasher and Semargl are on the aforementioned arch.

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    Distaff spindle & witches' knife, Kiev 12 th century.

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    Ritual Bull horns from the Black grave, Chernihiv, Ukraine, 10th century

    [img width=510 height=700]http://s16.postimage.org/l37g2v85h/rbydr66.jpg”/>

    [img width=700 height=514]http://s9.postimage.org/ok0omwcpb/rbydr67.gif”/>

    Pens ("Писала" ) , 10-11th centuries.  Rybakov states these pens weren't used for book writing. On birch-barks then? Symbols: yasher again, snake and wolf heads. The last symbol is Triglav or Svetovid?

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    Exorcist ornaments on traditional houses of Novgorod, 12-15th centuries, (a) Sun, horses

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    The symbols of sun and earth.

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    Palatomaxillary arch of Sun. Chernigiv 12th century and Nizhegorod. 19th century)

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    Symbol of 'underground sun' on cradle.

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    Domovoj/Damavik/ duszek(?). Novgorod

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    Solar symbols on household items

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    Symbols and temples rings (12-13th centuries) and Russian embroidery (19th century)

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    Temple ring depicting universe (macrocosm),13th century. Symbols: yasher, firmament, sun, women, earth and sun.

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    Pagan symbols

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    Axes, lynx, sculls of predators, combs and keys,  10-13th centuries

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    Utko-kon' (creature of duck & horse), Banks of Dnieper River

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    Griffin and Semargls, Gates of Suzdal', 13th century

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    J.ewellery of princess and boyars women, 12-13th centuries

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    Sun and earth on golden temple rings

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    Agricultural exorcist(?) symbols, 12-13th centuries

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    I cannot translate the text accurately. :D

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    Rusalki, bull horns for irrigation of grain fields, women faces, a mix of pagan and christian elements, 12th century

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    Buttons described in epic stories

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    "Kriny" – symbol of plant power. Necklace, 13th century

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    Symbols of Griffin and semargls 12-13 centuries

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    Bracelets with symbols of Griffin, semargls and pereplut(?), Old Ryazan, 13 th century.

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    symbols of ascension

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    Embroidery. Mokosh and symbols of fertility.

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