Lilium bosniacum is a lily native to Bosnia and Herzegovina. It’s also known as Zlatni Ljiljan (Bosnian for Golden Lily) and Bosanski Ljiljan (Bosnian Lily).
Lilium bosniacum Beck ex Fritsch 1909 Section 3b Syn.: L. carniolicum var. bosniacum
Bulb: ovoid, 6–7 cm in diameter, yellowish.
Stem: 30–90 cm.
Leaves: densely scattered, horizontal with tips curved upwards, narrowly lanceolate with slightly hairy margins.
Flowers: 1–6 in a raceme, nodding, fragrant. Tepals strongly revolute, typical turk’s cap-shape, wax-like texture, yellow to orange WITHOUT spots, ~6 cm in diameter. Seeds delayed hypogeal germination. Flowering time ~July. 2n=24.
Origin: Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Golden Lily is a symbol of the Bosnian Kingdom, Bosnia and Bosniak people. It has been used in the Bosnian Kingdom on flags and coat’s of arms. The Coat of arms used by the members of the House of Kotromanić consisted of six golden lilies on a blue background with a white ribbon. After Bosnia and Herzegovina gained independence from Yugoslavia on 1 March 1992. Lily’s were brought back on the Bosnian flag. The flag of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina consisted of the coat of arms of golden lilies on a white background. Even though lily’s are also a symbol of Christianity, Bosniaks, who are in vast majority Muslims, use it as their symbol. It’s also used in mosques and on gravestones as decoration.
In 1998, after the protests of political representatives of the former Herceg-Bosna and Republika Srpska, the flag of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was replaced. However, Bosniaks continue to use the coat of arms and flag with lilies in the appropriate cultural conditions, and on the coats of arms of some cantons and municipalities the lily is used as a symbol of Bosniaks.
The coat of arms with the Lilium bosniacum, a common symbol of Bosniaks:
Old Bosnian flag(1992-1998):
Modern Bosnian flag: