There are numerous signs of labyrith structures in Russia and mostly they come from two regions, Dagestan and the White Sea. However the most famous labyrightys come from White Sea also called Northern labyrinths. What many wonder and still don’t know is why these labyrinths were built, by who and when?! Northern Labyrinths have a spiral shape and tehy represent variety of moves, laid out of cobbled stones which are small in size. Dimensions of these structures vary from 3.40 to 24.40 m, and their height does not exceed 50 cm. The most notable among the “northern labyrinths” cluster is considered to Solovetsky maze.
The composition of this cluster includes 35 currently known labyrinths, nearly a thousand stone mounds, as well as “symbolic” stone laying that counts in dozens. There are 13 mazes, more than 850 boulder embankments and while these Labyrinths date back to the I-II century BC these megalithic structures were also found in Ireland, Scandinavia, France, and other countries. The hypothesis states that the maze is a “trap for the fish.”
It has been suggested that at low tide the fish does not keep up to find a way out of the labyrinth, and to the delight of local fishermen remained lying on the ground. Nevertheless, a considerable number of labyrinths built away from water that do not fill with water. Also are present hypothesis that the maze, in fact, this “magical fishing nets” that served for magic rituals related to marine fisheries. It is assumed that a labyrinth was a magic tool of shamans. Also, some researchers believe that labyrinths are “safety nets”, the main purpose of which is to intimidate souls of the dead so that they could return to the living.
Labyrinths have one entrance, which is also the exit. If you enter the maze and do not cross the border, that is to strictly follow the grooves, then after a while (for some labyrinths that time is 5-10 minutes for the latter – more than half) come out at the same place and went in. Scientific researchers have suggested that these places were pagan temples . Equally challenging for science it was the question on ethnicity peoples visited islands of the Solovetsky archipelago in the old days.
Similar sites in addition to the Solovetsky Islands are found in Karelia and the Murmansk Region, the Nordic countries – Finland, Sweden and Norway. Among scientists there is still no consensus on the appointment of these structures. This is what famous philosopher, scientist, inventor and priest Paul Florenskiyo wrote about Solovetsky labyrinths in 1935: “Here, on the islands of the Solovki archipelago, there are excellent facilities, known in archeology labyrinths and in the national language of “Babylon.”
This is – made of stones, mostly boulders the size of a head, sometimes less, to the fist, with intricate patterned track progress; In some cases, the gaps between the stone ribbons go directly to the center, while in other cases – branch out and lead to a dead end. Once the center is usually not immediately possible to get out of there, and after a certain path you come to the old place … I think that the device is connected with the cult of the labyrinth of the dead and scheduled to discourage the soul of the deceased, buried in the middle, to get out – initially, at least … ”
Photos via Slavyanska Kultura