Jednostka Wojskowa GROM imienia Cichociemnych Spadochroniarzy Armii Krajowej
This a Polish military special force formed in 13th July 1990 in a response of shooting at two Polish citizens in Beirut. The full name of this unit is “Grupa Reagowania Operacyjno-Manewrowego”. Cichociemni who are patrons of this unit were Polish agents during II World War who emmigrated to Great Britain and then after training were send back to occupied Poland to fight Germans. They were parachuters and trained soldiers who fought agains occupants. In English language they are called “Silent unseen”.
GROM in case of destiny is similar to the American “Delta Force”, British “SAS”, Israeli “Sayeret Matkal”, German “GSG 9” and others.
Their tasks are:
1. Military Operations Other Than War – evacuation of Polish citizens from territories where is a war.
2. Hostage Rescue
4. Personel Recovery – evacuation of Polish personel (like embassies) from territories where is a war.
5. Combat Search And Rescue – combat actions like rescue of Polish airmen shot down on enemy territory.
6. Special Reconnaissance – taking some informations etc.
7. Direct Action.
8. Military Support.
9. Unconventional Warfare.
Current GROM leader is Colonel Piotr Gąstał.
Some of their engagements: Haiti, Slavonia (Operation Little Flower), Kosovo, War in Afghanistan, 2nd Gulf War.
Jednostka Wojskowa Formoza im. generała broni Włodzimierza Potasińskiego
Diver’s Special Force formed in 13th November 1975. This unit is not under Navy’s rule since 2007, so since then Formoza is recognized as a special unit subservient to the leader of Polish Special Forces. Patron – Włodzimierz Potasiński – died in Smolensk in 2010. They are cooperating with GROM and JW Komandosów and some Formoza’s soldiers were present in Afghanistan (Task Force 50) and one of them were ordered by the Order of the Military Cross for the bravery.
Current Formoza leader is Commodore Dariusz Wichniarek.
Some their engagements: 2nd Gulf War, War in Afghanistan.
Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów
The oldest commandos unit in Poland formed in 1961. They have something to do not only during war, but also in times of crisis and peace. Soldiers are well-trained in parachuting, diving and fighting hand-to-hand.
1. Special Reconnaissance
2. Unconventional Warfare
3. Direct Action
4. Personnel Recovery
6. Military Support
7. Combat Search and Rescue
8. Military Operations Other Than War
9. Hostage Rescue
10. Close Personal Protection – protection of the VIPs.
Some their engagements: “Operation Enduring Freedom”, Kosovo Conflict, Iraq War, ISAF, War in Afghanistan.
Current leader is Colonel Wiesław Kukuła.
Agencja Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego – Internal Security Agency
Polish domestic intelligence agency. They’re responsible for analyzing, reporting and preventing threats to Poland’s internal security, including terrorism, foreign espionage, arms smuggling, drug trafficking, organized crime, corruption and economic coercion. Its powers include arresting individuals, conducting searches and investigations, and combating terrorism with a specialized armed anti-terrorist force.
They have headquarters on Rakowiecka Street on Mokotów (district in Warsaw).
Some of their successes:
– sussing out and expulsion from Poland two Belarusian citizens – diplomat-soldiers – of ГРУ.
– sussing out the Russian citizen – Tadeusz Juchniewicz – who took part in espionage for ГРУ. Sentenced 3 years.
Some of their losses:
– Poor arresting of Barbara Bilda which led to her suicide.
– Case of Amber Gold.
Current leader is Colonel Dariusz Łuczak.
Centralne Biuro Śledcze – Central Bureau of Investigation
CBŚ was formed in 2000. They take care of organized crime, narcotic crimes and economic crimes. They are something like American FBI in Poland and since they were formed they were fighting with criminal gangs called: “grupa pruszkowska” (sometimes called “mafia pruszkowska”) and “grupa wołomińska”. These two groups were at war and were a basic criminal threat at the end of 20th century and the beginning of 21st century. These groups after many years were smashed. Some of their leaders are free now, however CBŚ had not found any signs of crimes around them – one of the leaders for example has a pub now. They were prosecuted thanks to one of “mafia pruszkowska” members – Jarosław “Masa” Sokołowski – who was a police agent since 1994.
Current leader is Nadkomisarz (superintendent) Igor Parfieniuk.
Centralne Biuro Antykorupcyjne – Central Anticorruption Bureau.
CBA is a division of the Polish government, reporting to the Prime Minister of Poland, responsible for addressing corruption in Poland. Located in Warsaw, the CBA has been in operation since 24 July 2006, having been activated by the June 2006 Central Anticorruption Bureau Bill. While it works in both public and private sectors, it is particularly focused on combatting corruption in State and self-government institutions. Its scope includes both investigating criminal corruption and preventing corruption which is not yet criminal. It is charged with informing the Prime Minister, the President of Poland and the National Assembly of the Republic of Poland of matters which may affect the economic well-being of the Polish state.
Current leader is Młodszy Inspektor (junior inspector) Paweł Wojtunik.
There are of course many many more, but these are a few which come to my mind now. I am seriously thinking about looking for a job in ABW, as I have no chances in CBŚ :p If I would like to work in CBŚ I would have to firstly work for simple police. But maybe, maybe.