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History and meaning of Slavic Swastika – Kolovrat

Photo © Bojéna Hairicín

The earliest swastika ever found was uncovered in Mezine, Ukraine, carved on an ivory figurine, which dates an incredible 12,000 years, and one of the earliest cultures that are known to have used the Swastika was a Neolithic culture in Southern Europe, in the area that is now Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, known as the Vinca Culture, which dates back around 8,000 years. Indo European nations in this case the Slavs and Vedic culture of Indo-Aryans attached great importance to the cross-like objects in history. The Swastika, known in Slavic world as Kolovrat was a sacred symbol that carried a huge significance in Early Slavic culture.

Swastika or Kolovrat symbolized infinite values in our culture for example from mythological aspect the spinning wheel symbolized the infinity and repeating the cycle (the fight between Slavic Gods Perun and Veles) in fight between Good and Evil.

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Photo © Sasha Krieger Ristich / Photo source: kriegerman.deviantart

Kolovrat and Swastika also beside the never ending cycle symbolized the sun, that grants us life and warmth. Just as among other Indo-European cultures as Germanic, Latin, Celtic, Vedic (Indian) and Iranic, among Slavs some of the oldest examples of Slavic Kolovrat Swastikas have been found in Ukraine. There are also early Indo-European Slavs with these symbols found in Tarim Basin in China – mummies of proto-Slavs. Images of this cross-like symbol among Slavs and other Indo-European Aryan groups vary a lot, and there has been historically found over 144 variations of this symbol.

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Earliest swastika found in Mezine, Ukraine.

In other words the Swastika and Kolovrat constantly evolved during their history, each Indo-European group developed their own types over time. Unlike the Christian Cross with it’s fixed design, the Swastika and Kolvorat evolved and today this is the reason so many archaeological excavations find different varieties of this once magical symbols, in other words like life, sun or spinning wheel Kolovrat is in constant cycle and it changes.

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Photo source: etsy.com

Symbol of Swastika and Kolovrat have been used in early Indo-European astronomy, the interaction of the Spirit and Matter, Life and Death, Darkness or Light and even Truth or Lies.

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Photo © Nartsis Torbov / Photo source: personal

The so called moving cross of Indo-European populations today is displayed in rich variety of graphic forms and coloration’s. In Slavic mythology the Swastika or Kolovrat was also called the “little sun” and in the early phases of Slavic Pagans it was the symbol of the Sun God.

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Photo © Bojéna Hairicín / Photo source: redmusicbox8.deviantart

Wooden Slavic monuments called “Idols” were usually depictions of Slavic gods and on most of these Idols Slavs used to engrave them with Swastika.

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Also during burials the Symbol of Swastika or Kolovrat was also engraved on wooden Idols above graves of deceased ones as a symbol of eternity and constant cycle between Life and Death.

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Photo © Alexander Y. Khinevich / Photo source: akhinevich.narod.ru

Swastika or Kolovrat as a symbol was first published in the book Prasłowiańskie motywy architektoniczne ( Polish: Early Slavic Architectural Motifs ) back in 1923. by a Polish painter Stanisław Jakubowski after his inspection of the early Slavic Symbolism found from various historical sources.

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Photo source: slav-museum.ru

06Many neo-Nazi groups also use these symbols which makes Kolovrat symbol usage dubious and matter of on going discussion so many country ban usage of Nazi Germany Swastika and punish the usage of the same by law, however Swastika symbol (such as Kolovrat) and similar version are allowed as religious and historical symbol for usage to anyone.

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Photo © Marko Mirkovic / Photo source: mmirkovic.deviantart

Embroidery among Slavs is one of the oldest crafts and in history Kolovrat was one of the most common symbols. Today there Kolvorat as a symbol is gaining large popularity among neo-pagan Slavic groups holding Kolovrat as the symbol of their identity.

Kolovrat is a famous symbol in many modern objects:

Tell us what is your opinion on Kolovrat, it’s history and usage of the same?