Tomb of a noble Sarmatian “Amazon” dating from V-IV century BC found in the Orenburg region back in 2013. “The findings were quite sensational. There are things that in other cemeteries had not been found”, – says head of department of the Scythian-Sarmatian Archaeology Institute of Archaeology Academy of Sciences, head of the expedition Leonid Yablonsky. Female skeleton, literally strewn with gold, gold fringe elements of decoration of the shroud, silver and bronze dishes. Gold plates catche the eye, as precious metal is decorated in animal style – the legendary Sarmatian ornament with which Filippovskiy mounds have long been introduced to the whole world and got famous.
Even the famous archaeologist Leonid Yablonsky could not hope that Filippovskiy mounds will reveal again Sarmatian treasures, especially ones as this. Genuine joy of this scholar saw only those with a shovel in his hands that he worked on already and it seemed that he has studied and looted all cemeteries. “Of the thousands of archaeological excavation one can see only one such in a lifetime. This Barrow was fully investigated, 10% of it is left, “- said the member of the expedition Yuri Smirnov years before, until they found this.
Archaeologists have even found a huge bell, which, according to experts, the world science has not yet seen. Record holder in size and degree of preservation. All the finds after the inventory is stored and the study will be submitted to the Regional Museum. They could now make a collection that any museum in the world can only dream of. Untouched tomb of noble Sarmatian woman buried more than 2.5 thousand years ago, discovered in the Orenburg region by a group of students of History Faculty of the Bashkir Pedagogical University Akmulla (Pedagogical University), told RIA Novosti director of the Institute Historical and legal education in Gulnara Obydennova. “royal” burial mound near the village of Filippovka was repeatedly robbed due to finding there a collection of gold ornaments and figurines of animals.
It is this collection of later burial complex Filipovsky brought worldwide fame that it has today. The current head of the department supervised the excavation of Scythian-Sarmatian Archaeology Institute of Archaeology. “Findings were really sensational yet because tomb was untouched: clothes and jewelry in it are in the same form as they were among ancient nomads. At the entrance (to the mound) we found a giant bronze cauldron, handles are made in a fabulous bird – griffins – looking at each other. The weight of the findings is about half a ton. The ornament on the boiler is in the animal style typical of the culture in V-IV centuries”- said Obydennova. It was reported that the most significant find was discovered at a depth of 4 meters – well-preserved burial of a woman.
“Each woman’s finger with rings with different stones and near lies a location that has buried a lot of bottles, presumably from the ancient cosmetics. In her left hand – a great silver mirror with a gold handle with ornament and object resembling a wand on her wrists bracelets of a rich woman “- said the interlocutor. During field work in the Orenburg region (1950-1960) they went to a well-known expert on archeology of the Sarmatian K.F.Smirnov. He also was first suggested accessories belong to Sarmatian culture.
Judging by the fact that the mound was a central issue in the group, given the pomp of the funeral rite, wealth accompanying inventory, the social status of the family head was, apparently, not less than the leader of the tribe, perhaps – the union of tribes.
Most likely, the construction of the tomb took place or was begun during the life of the leader. In this connection it is appropriate to compare Filippovskiy mounds with the Egyptian pyramids. The analogy with the tombs of Egyptian pharaohs and is manifested in the design of structures. Barrow, like the pyramids, was hollow inside and being constructed of cubic units, but not of stone and earth.