5 Animals Protected In The Eastern and South-Eastern European Slavic countries

gabicuz (CC0), Pixabay

Beautiful wild nature not interrupted by the pollution of the big cities is still available to every person who lives in the Slavic countries. Valid policy related to the natural habitat of the world caused serious damage to the ecological system. Many species of animals extinct, and every day hundreds of people fight for saving another one. Here is a short list of the animals that live in the Slavic countries. We have to protect them to avoid the situation when we will able to see them only on the archive pictures:

1. Bats

Although many people are scared of them, most of the bat species need our protection. These small animals that inspired numerous of books and horror movies are very important to the natural habitat. Bats are mammals with the forelimbs adapted as wings. They are naturally capable of true and sustained flight. They are fascinating but frequently misunderstood.

2. European Hamster

Once the Syrian Hamster lives in our homes as a pet, the European Hamster settles the wild areas of Europe. It can grow 25-30 cm tall and eats seeds, legumes, root vegetables, grasses, and insects. Like every hamster, It transports its food in its elastic cheek pouches to the food storage chambers. Sadly, this beautiful and lovely animal was almost lost in many regions because of being trapped for fur.

3. Aesculapian snake

This beautiful snake that has a cultural and historical significance for its role in ancient Greek, Roman and Illyrian mythology and derived symbolism, stays one of the most protected snakes of Europe. It is a species nonvenomous snake native to Europe. It grows up to 2 meters and counts among the largest snakes of our continent. They are active by day. Aesculapian snakes are very good climbers, they eat small mammals, bird eggs, etc.

4. House sparrow

Who doesn’t know them? These lovely and beautiful singing birds seem to be one f the most popular flying friends in every part of Europe. Sadly, the population of sparrows deceased during the last decades and the ecologists had to fight for their protection. They are strongly associated with human habitation. At the same time, they avoid extensive woodlands, grasslands, and deserts. In the natural habitat, they are an easy goal to domestic cats, hawks, owls, etc.

5. European pond turtle

Turtles in the Slavic countries? Yes, indeed! They reach the size from 12 to 38 cm length. Sometimes they are also called the European pond terrapin and European pond tortoise. It is a species of a long-living freshwater turtle. The shell of the turtles is brown with a hint of green, spotted yellow. Usually, they live 40-60 years, but some of them live even 100 years.  They are not as impressive as the turtles of Galapagos, but they are better adapted to the difficulties of the climate. Moreover, they are not demanding in the case of the diet. The pond turtles eat plants and they can survive without special food. Meeting with these peaceful animals is an incredible experience, but they try to avoid humans.

6. Forest dormouse

Many years ago they were almost like a plague, but now the dormice are very rare. They are tiny, from 8 to 13 cm long and they live on the trees. Sometimes they are aggressive, but usually, they don’t attack humans. They eat plants, eggs of birds, etc. The forest dormouse is one of the oldest species on Earth. The researchers found a fossil of a dormouse-like mammal, which is 75 million years old. When they are born, they weight 2 grams only, but their skills of surviving are impressive. During the winter time they hibernate, and they stay active during the warmer period of a year.

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