Dubrovnik (Latin Ragusium) is a Croatian city on the south, the administrative center of Dubrovnik-Neretva County and one of the most historic Croatian tourist destinations. According to the census of 2011, Dubrovnik had 42 615 inhabitants, as opposed to the 49 728 inhabitants in 1991. In the census of 2011, 90.34% of the population identified themselves as Croats. In 1979, the city of Dubrovnik joined the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik has always been based on maritime trade. In the Middle Ages, as the Republic of Dubrovnik only city-state on the east coast of the Adriatic rival Venice.
With its wealth and skilled diplomacy, the city achieved a remarkable level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries. Dubrovnik was one of the centers where Croatian language and literature became home to many notable Croatian poets, playwrights, painters, mathematicians, physicists and other scholars.
There are several theories on the draft Dubrovnik (lat. Ragusa), a widely accepted is that the city was founded in the 7th century., When the Latins from the city Epidaurum (south of Dubrovnik, in the same position today’s Cavtat), fled before the invasion of Avars and Slavs on a cliff Laus, which means rock (Laus → → Lausium Rausium → → Ragusium Ragusa). Later those Slavs built a village on the southern slopes of Mount Srđ, on the mainland across rocks and named it Dubrava, which means oak woods (oak). Over time the settlement increasingly connected, in order to fully merged in the 11th century. Narrow channel, which separated them (today Placa, ie. Stradun), and in the 12th century. and the 13th century a construction of completley defensive walls was build to them. According to other theories and antique inscriptions, Dubrovnik might have been founded even before the 3rd century AD., A small village on the island of Laus.
Today there are new doubts about the origin of Dubrovnik, because two of the aforementioned theories proved wrong. During the renovation of the Cathedral, deep beneath the foundations of today’s buildings were found the remains of two former church, one of which is also known before, and the other, even older, dating from the fifth century. In addition to the change of theory and discovery is part of the walls of Dubrovnik, also dated to the same period. When probing main street, established the fact that the islet Laus never existed, because I Stradun not a dyke than natural sandy beach, which stretched between the hills and rocky areas Srđa (Laus said). New insights, as well as the discovery of Greek coins and pottery under the small pier in the harbor seems to confirm the thesis of some historians, that the beginnings date back long before the 7th century., Ie. by the ancient Greeks. Setting dr. Ničetić, which he argues is inevitable existence of one of the ancient port between Budva and the island is further given to the credibility of the thesis about the origin of the settlement still in Greek time.
Dubrovnik was initially part of the Dalmatian theme and recognized the rule of the Byzantine Empire. It was first mentioned in documents 850 g. Approximately 992 g. burned by the Emperor Samuel. At the end of the 10th century. established Dubrovnik Archbishopric. Then it becomes a church independent of Split. Since 1205 g. Venetian Republic, using crusade, the government of Dubrovnik, which lasts until 1358. At the time of Venetian rule, Dubrovnik raise three rebellions, but were unable to break the Venetian dominions.
While acknowledging the Venetian rule, Dubrovnik managed to preserve its autonomy, because he chose Small and Great Council, Senate and other organs of the city government. The commune is 1272 g. given statute. In Dubrovnik is very early developing trade, especially with the hinterland and primarily with Bosnia at the time of Ban Kulin.
The population is divided into rich nobility: patricians (nobiles cives), city Regiment – commoners, usually on matters of merchants and captains, and the scribes, and serfs, peasants who work for the aristocracy – till the land. Patricia is trying to close within itself, but the result is the withering away of noble families. They had to give in and marriages with the population.
During the rise of Raska successfully defended himself from her attack. In the 13th century. Dubrovnik power grows on the wider metropolitan area and adjacent territories. So Lastovo voluntarily joined Dubrovnik, and from 1333 g. the Republic of Dubrovnik is of Ston, ie. Peljesac with Ston. Serbian Tsar Dusan relinquished the control of Dubrovnik Ston war (Peljesac) a fee of 500 perpers, paying taxes. In 1345 and Mljet became part of the Republic.
Ston had great strategic importance for Dubrovnik, because it is so he could control navigation around the Neretva the Mljet channel. The area of Ston and Zaton Dubrovnik ensured when in the early 14th century. of Bosnia bought Coast and early 15th century. Konavle (coastal part of 1333, a part of Konavle with fortress Soko and Cavtat and rim 31 December 1426). Then they determined the boundaries of the Republic by the end of the 15th century. recognize all Dubrovnik neighbors.
Dubrovnik has signed numerous international agreements with Italian cities (especially with Pisa) and other neighbors in the hinterland (Bosnia, Serbia), mostly ensuring the supremacy and privileged position of merchants from Dubrovnik.
Zadar peace 1358th g., The Republic of Venice renounced all possessions on the east coast in favor of Croatian-Hungarian Kingdom. Dubrovnik, the successful diplomatic move, accepted a symbolic supreme authority of the king (Louis I), however gave virtually no influence over the commune and paid their tribute of 500 ducats, which are protected from the onslaught of Venice.
Since that time Dubrovnik increasingly build it’s autonomy and independence. Prince was elected by the residents of Dubrovnik, and after the death of Louis I in 1380. Dubrovnik developed into an independent and recognized Republic.
Fox News incorporates Dubrovnik among the top five of the old cities of the world, USA Today in an article on the ten best bars in the sea of Europe, ranks Dubrovnik Buza bar in the first place. Popular portal House trip published blog “Seven reasons why immediately visit Dubrovnik” The Daily Meal ranks Dubrovnik among the 5 most romantic places of the world.
Dubrovnik promote coverage in the Swiss magazine “24 heures” “Tele” and “Reisen und Kultur Journal”, and in the highly circulated German magazine “Frau im Leben”. In the leading German magazine about travel, which reads up to half a million readers, “Geo Saison” was published reports on Dubrovnik on ten pages, the topic issue “best autumn city break”.
It was published and reports on Dubrovnik in the Turkish magazine “JetLife” and reportage sixteen pages in the highest circulation and the oldest Japanese magazine wedding “25ans wedding”, about Dubrovnik as a desirable destination for weddings. On the Benelux market, the “Around the Globe” portal, Dubrovnik is recommended as one of the most desirable and the most favorable destinations of Europe. Recently, the Spanish and Mexican portal Hola published video report about experiences that Dubrovnik offers tourists Hot Brazilian television network Globo published a series of reports on Croatia and the whole show about Dubrovnik. Internet portal The joys of traveling Dubrovnik ranks among the top five cities in Europe to visit with.